Tamara M. Bowlin, Ph.D.

Sherry Mee Bell, Ph.D.

Mari Beth Coleman, Ph.D.

David F. Cihak, Ph.D.

University of Tennessee, Knoxville


A quasi-experimental design and multiple regression analysis were used to examine responses of 153 preservice general and special education teachers as a function of (a) participation in an introductory special education course and (b) viewing a co-teaching video (Friend, 2005) versus observing an inclusive classroom. Based on responses to pre- and post-measures (30 test-bank items, Mastropieri & Scruggs, 2010; Preservice Inclusion Survey, Shippen, Crites, Houchins, Tamsey, & Simon, 2005; and Teacher’s Sense of Efficacy Scale, Tschannen-Moran, & Woolfolk Hoy, 2001), results showed participants’ knowledge, attitudes, and sense of efficacy increased significantly from pre-to post-course survey (p < .001). In addition, participants who viewed the co-teaching video scored significantly higher on self-efficacy (p = .04) than those who observed in vivo. However, there were no differences in knowledge or attitudes (p > .05) based on video versus observation. Finally, attitudes, but not knowledge, significantly predicted sense of efficacy (R2 = .21). Implications for teacher preparation programs are discussed.

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