Improving Science Scores of Middle School Students with Learning Disabilities through Engineering Problem Solving Activities

A. Leyf Peirce Starling, MAT
University of North Carolina at Charlotte

-

Ya-Yu Lo, Ph.D.
University of North Carolina at Charlotte

-

Christopher J. Rivera, Ph.D.
East Carolina University

Abstract

This study evaluated the differential effects of three different science teaching methods, namely engineering teaching kit (ETK), explicit instruction (EI), and a combination of the two methods (ETK+EI), in two sixth-grade science classrooms. Twelve students with learning disabilities (LD) and/or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) participated in this study. The dependent variables included students’ performance on daily quizzes covering the material taught in that day’s lesson and students’ performance on a pretest and two posttests covering the steps of the engineering problem solving process. Using a multiple probe across science units design, we demonstrated that both the ETK and EI interventions alone increased the participants’ quiz scores, with the combined method (ETK+EI) producing slightly better results in most participants. Students’ understanding of the engineering problem solving process also improved after being exposed to the ETK method. Limitations, suggestions for future research, and practical applications are discussed.

Read or Download

  • To Read this Article - or Download this Article (login required)

  • To Download the Entire WINTER 2015 Issue of JAASEP -  (login required)

NASET Members -  Login to Access These Files.


Not a Member?

If you are a member of NASET, please login to freely access this and all archived articles of JAASEP

If you are NOT A MEMBER of NASET you may purchase this article of JAASEP for $4.95 (use the "Buy now" button below):

OR Buy the entire issue of JAASEP WINTER 2015 for $19.95. Use the BUY NOW button below:

OR - Join NASET and have access to this & ALL PAST ISSUES of JAASEP - JOIN NASET


Return to the Table of Contents - CLICK HERE

To top