Improving Reading Skills in Students Below Grade Level: A Literature Review

This issue of NASET’s LD Report was written by Marisol Lorenzo. A large population of students between third and fifth grades with autism spectrum disorder and other learning disabilities struggle with reading skills, including comprehension, fluency, and phonemic awareness. Consequently, these children are reading significantly below grade level across all subject areas such as math, science, and social studies, which also affects their communication and writing skills. In addition, they have great difficulty adhering to the state’s content standards.  Implementing appropriate instructional strategies and materials becomes a burden for educators due to the unique needs, strengths, and learning styles of each individual child. The purpose of this literature review is to evaluate the effectiveness of different evidence-based practices implemented by teachers to improve the literacy skills of students with disabilities who are reading below grade level.

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