Literature Review: Reading Comprehension Strategies for Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder

By: Nicole Martinez

This issue of NASET’s Autism Spectrum Disorder series was written by Nicole Martinez. Over the past few decades, the number of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has increased. Teachers face the demands to meet the needs of students with ASD.  “About 1 in 36 children has been identified with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) according to estimates from CDC’s Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring (ADDM) Network” (Maenner et al., 2023) “autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurological and developmental disorder that affects how people interact with others, communicate, learn, and behave. Although autism can be diagnosed at any age, it is described as a “developmental disorder” because symptoms appear in the first 2 years of life” (Autism Spectrum Disorder, n.d.-b). Students with ASD usually have additional comorbid disorders that can significantly impact their daily lives. One of the coexisting disorders is difficulties in reading comprehension. Reading comprehension is crucial to not only understand the elements of a story, but to also access any other content areas in school. Reading comprehension is the ability to read, understand, embody, and interact with the text. This article presents a literature review of reading comprehension strategies for students with Autism Spectrum Disorder.

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