Addressing Engagement and Motivation for Learners on the Autism Spectrum

By Dr. Camille Brandt

 

This issue of NASET’s Autism Spectrum Disorder series was written by Dr. Camille Brandt. Classroom teachers and special educators report that some students on the autism spectrum demonstrate little interest in starting or completing academic tasks. Associated avoidance behaviors may become disruptive to others, destructive of learning materials, or a combination thereof . Targeted use of best practice approaches such as incorporating student interests, use of reinforcement strategies, and use of specific supports such as visual schedules and choice boards with goal setting have been shown to improve both participation in and completion of tasks . In order to support the learner with autism who demonstrates challenging behaviors linked to low engagement related to motivation, several processes must be completed. This article will address engagement and motivation for learners on the autism spectrum.


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