Week in Review - July 3, 2015

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WEEK IN REVIEW

New NASET Publications and Articles of Interest in Special Education and Disabilities That Were Reported This Week

July 3, 2015 - Vol 11, Issue 27

 

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In This Issue

TRIVIA QUESTION OF THE WEEK

Dear NASET News,

Welcome to NASET's WEEK in REVIEW Here, we provide you with the latest publications from NASET to read and or download, as well as some of the most interesting articles that have happened this week in the field of special education. We hope you enjoy this publication.  Feel free to send us articles for this publication or let us know your thoughts about theWEEK in REVIEW at news@naset.org. Have a great weekend.

Sincerely,


NASET News Team

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New This Week on NASET

NASET Special Education e-Journal July 2015

Table of Contents

* Update from the U.S. Department of Education

* From Present Levels to Progress Measures. By Catherine C. George Ph.D. and Sharon A. Lynch, Ph.D: Department of Language, Literacy, & Special Populations, Sam Houston State University

* Establishing Effective Educational Programs for Students with Autism Addressing Their Parents. By Vanessa Radice: Florida International University

* Buzz from the Hub

* Legislative Announcements, Calls to Participate and New Projects

* Latest Employment Opportunities Posted on NASET

* Upcoming Conferences and Events

* Funding Forecast and Award Opportunities

* Acknowledgements


To read or download this issue - Click here (login required)

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See NASET's Latest Job Listings

Poor Health as Teen, Poor Job Prospects Later, Study Suggests

Mental or physical health problems during the teen years may make it harder to get a good job or to complete higher education later on, a new research review suggests. "Chronic health conditions and particularly mental health conditions contribute substantially to education and employment outcomes," said study co-author Leonardo Bevilacqua, a researcher at the University College London Institute of Child Health in England. "This is extremely important for developing and implementing policies in and outside schools that promote health and support those with health conditions," he said. To read more, click here

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NASET MEMBER'S BENEFIT -

Board Certification in Special Education Available to NASET Members

Through an agreement with The American Academy of Special Education Professionals(AASEP), NASET members now have the opportunity to achieve AASEP Board Certification in Special Education - (B.C.S.E.) at a reduced fee.  AASEP Board Certification in Special Education - (B.C.S.E.) is a voluntary choice on the part of the candidate. The candidate for Board Certification wishes to demonstrate a commitment to excellence to employers, peers, administrators, other professionals, and parents. From the standpoint of the Academy, board certification will demonstrate the highest professional competency in the area of special education. Board Certification in Special Educationestablishes a much needed standard for professionals, across disciplines, who work with exceptional children.

 

For more information on Board Certification in Special Education, click here

First Lady To Attend Special Olympics

First lady Michelle Obama is headed to Los Angeles next month to cheer on athletes with disabilities at the Special Olympics World Games, organizers say. Obama will attend the opening ceremony of the games on July 25 at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum. The first lady and President Barack Obama were previously named honorary co-chairs of the international event. "The Special Olympics movement is thrilled and honored to have first lady Michelle Obama join us on the momentous occasion of our 2015 Special Olympics World Games," said Tim Shriver, chairman of Special Olympics. "Her vision of wellness, fitness and inclusion of all in sport is at the heart of Special Olympics and will be seen in the spirit of the athletes who travel from over 170 countries to come together for fierce and exciting competition." To read more, click here

Surgery May Help Teens With Frequent Migraines, Study Contends

Migraine surgery may be an effective choice for teens who haven't gotten relief from standard treatment, a small study suggests. In the study, researchers at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine in Cleveland reviewed the medical records of 14 patients, with an average age of 16. In teens with migraine who haven't responded well to other treatments, "migraine surgery may offer symptomatic improvement of migraine headache frequency, duration and severity in patients with identifiable anatomical trigger sites," wrote the study's authors. To read more, click here

Claim: Minorities Underrepresented In Special Education

Contrary to widespread concerns that minorities are disproportionately funneled into special education classrooms, a new study suggests that these kids' special needs often go unnoticed. When accounting for increased odds of low birth weight, lead exposure and other factors that put minorities at greater risk for disabilities, researchers say that special needs among these students are under identified by schools. "The general limitation of the available studies is that they haven't been able to correct for minority children's unfortunate, but well-established, greater risk factor exposure to factors that themselves increase the risk for disability," said Paul Morgan of Penn State University who led the study published online this week in the journal Educational Researcher. To read more, click here

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TRIVIA QUESTION OF THE WEEK

Guess the answer to this week's trivia question and we'll recognize you in next week's Week in Review.
Congratulations to: Oluimde Akerele and Pamela Downing-Hosten who knew the answer to last week's trivia question: Approximately what percentage of children in the United States is exposed to weapon-related violence -- as a victim or witness?
ANSWER:  Approximately 25%
THIS WEEK'S TRIVIA QUESTION:
According to the latest research in the field, levels of the brain chemical serotonin are too high in people with this disorder, rather than too low as previously believed. Researchers at Uppsala University in Sweden conducted brain scans on volunteers and found that individuals with this disorder produced too much serotonin in the amygdala, which is part of the brain's fear center. The more serotonin their brains produced, the more symptoms of the disorder presented themselves.  What is the name of the disorder?
If you know the answer, send an email to contactus@naset.org
All answers must be submitted no later than Monday, July 6, 2015 at 12:00 p.m.

Gene Discovery Could Lead to Muscular Dystrophy Treatment

Australian researchers have made a critical discovery about a gene involved in muscular dystrophy that could lead to future therapies for the currently untreatable disease. Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) is a progressive wasting disease that affects the face, arms and shoulders. It is most commonly diagnosed in teenage or early adults, and though it is rarely fatal is it very debilitating. FSHD is inherited from the child's parents and affects one in 8000 children. No treatments or cures are currently available for the disease. To read more, click here

Stronger Working Memory, Reduced Sexual Risk-Taking in Adolescents

Teenagers vary substantially in their ability to control impulses and regulate their behavior. Adolescents who have difficulty with impulse control may be more prone to risky sexual behavior, with serious consequences such as sexually transmitted diseases and unintended pregnancies. A new study has found that individual differences in working memory can predict both early sexual activity and unprotected sexual involvement during adolescence. Working memory -- the system in the brain that allows individuals to draw on and use information to plan and make decisions -- develops through childhood and adolescence. The new study found that adolescents with weaker working memory have more difficulty controlling their impulsive urges and considering the consequences of their behaviors. To read more, click here

One Stillbirth Greatly Raises Odds for Another: Study

Women who've had one stillbirth have a four times higher risk of having another stillbirth compared to women who've had a live birth, British researchers report. The researchers noted that the overall risk of stillbirth is low. The review included millions of pregnant women, and fewer than 1 percent had a stillbirth. In a subsequent pregnancy, only 2.5 percent of women who'd experienced a previous stillbirth had another stillbirth, the study found. "Despite the higher risk of recurrence, most pregnancies following a stillbirth will progress normally and end in the birth of a healthy baby," said lead researcher Dr. Sohinee Bhattacharya, a lecturer at the Institute of Applied Health Sciences at the University of Aberdeen in Scotland. To read more, click here

NASET - Members Only Savings

NASET is pleased to provide our members with exclusive access to discounts on products and services. These savings are available to all current NASET members. To find out more about savings from Life Lock, Avis, Budget, Cruises Only, Orlando Vacations and more - Click here

Teens Unfamiliar With Harms of Pot, E-Cigs, Study Finds

Teens may have a firm grasp on the dangers of smoking cigarettes, but they appear less clear about how using marijuana or electronic cigarettes might harm their health, new research suggests. "The most striking finding from this study was how little information adolescents were getting regarding risks related to marijuana and e-cigarettes," said lead author Maria Roditis, a researcher at the Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education at the University of California, San Francisco. "The youth we talked with actually mentioned the fact that they would see commercials talking about risks related to cigarettes, but there was nothing about marijuana or e-cigarettes," Roditis said. To read more, click here

Early Life Stress Affects Cognitive Functioning in Low-Income Children

About a fifth of all U.S. children live in poverty. These children are more likely to experience learning and cognitive delays. Researchers have tried to determine causes for this disparity, with recent work identifying the hormone cortisol as a possible reason because of its ability to pass the blood-brain barrier. Cortisol is one of the most influential hormones in the human body, often referred to as the stress hormone because it's secreted into the bloodstream at higher levels as part of the body's flight-or-fight response. Now a new study has identified how specific patterns of cortisol activity may relate to the cognitive abilities of children in poverty. The study also outlines how greater instability in family environments and harsh and insensitive caregiving in the context of poverty may predict these different types of cortisol activity in children. To read more,click here

Smoking Around Toddlers May Raise Their Obesity Risk

Smoking around your toddler may be just as harmful to your child as smoking during pregnancy, new research suggests. By age 10, children exposed to secondhand smoke as toddlers tended to have wider waists and a higher body mass index (a calculation of body fat) than their non-exposed peers, Canadian researchers found. "We suspect the statistics we've established linking childhood obesity to exposure to parents' smoking may underestimate the effect due to parents under-reporting the amount they smoked, out of shame," said study leader Linda Pagani, from CHU Sainte-Justine Research Centre in Montreal. To read more, click here

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Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder: More Than Just Picky Eating

Jessie is a five-year-old girl who doesn't like foods with much texture or flavor. She prefers to eat foods that don't require lots of chewing, like soup, pasta, or oatmeal. Jessie has difficulty eating a range of foods and her mother struggles daily with getting her to consume the nutrients she needs to grow and thrive. Jessie is the smallest child in her class and has been severely underweight for two years. Jason is a 10-year-old boy who was not a picky eater at all, until he nearly choked on a hot dog eight months ago. The hot dog dislodged and he did not require medical attention immediately after the incident; however, since that day Jason has been reluctant to eat out of fear of choking. He refuses most foods most of the time, but occasionally accepts milk, yogurt and soft cheeses. He has not gained weight since the incident, and with puberty looming ahead, his parents are growing more concerned by the day. For years, doctors did not have the necessary tools to diagnose children like Jessie and Jason. Did they have "traditional" eating disorders like anorexia nervosa? No, because they did not have distorted body image or a desire to lose weight. To read more, click here

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Thick Cortex Could be Key in Down Syndrome

The thickness of the brain's cerebral cortex could be a key to unlocking answers about intellectual development in youth with Down Syndrome. It could also provide new insights to why individuals with this genetic neurodevelopmental disorder are highly susceptible to early onset Alzheimer's Disease later in life. New brain-imaging research published in the journal Cerebral Cortex and led by Nancy Raitano Lee, PhD, an assistant professor at Drexel University, has found that the cortex is thicker on average in youth with Down Syndrome than in typically developing youth, even though the overall volume of the cortex is lower in those with Down Syndrome. To read more, click here

Autism: Value of an Integrated Approach to Diagnosis

Researchers at Inserm (Inserm Unit 930 "Imaging and Brain") attached to François-Rabelais University and Tours Regional University Hospital have combined three clinical, neurophysiological and genetic approaches in order to better understand the brain mechanisms that cause autism. When tested on two families, this strategy enabled the researchers to identify specific gene combinations in autistic patients that distinguished them from patients with intellectual disabilities. This study, published in the journal Molecular Psychiatry, offers new prospects for the diagnosis and understanding of the physiological mechanisms of autism. To read more, click here

Color of Urine to be Valid Gauge for Hydration in Children

Athletes and the military have used color charts to track hydration levels for years, and a new study in the European Journal of Nutrition by a U of A researcher found the same method of self-assessment is effective for children. Stavros Kavouras, a leading expert in hydration and associate professor in the College of Education and Health Professions, along with seven collaborators, including Evan C. Johnson, U of A postdoctoral fellow, tested whether the 8-point urine color scale was a valid method for children aged 8 to 14 years old to assess their own hydration levels. Their findings, published this spring, found that not only does the urine color scale apply to hydration levels in children, but that children are able to accurately use the chart to determine their own hydration levels. To read more, click here

1 in 5 Teens May Be Bullied on Social Media

A new review suggests that estimates of cyberbullying are all over the place, ranging as low as 5 percent and as high as 74 percent. But some findings are consistent: Bullied kids are more likely to be depressed and to be female, and cyberbullying mostly arises from relationships. "When children and youth are cyberbullied, they are often reluctant to tell anyone," said review author Michele Hamm, a research associate with the Alberta Research Center for Health Evidence at the University of Alberta in Edmonton, Canada. To read more, click here

IRS Proposes Rules For New ABLE Accounts

Six months after a federal law paved the way for tax-free savings accounts for people with disabilities, officials are providing details on how they expect the new program to operate. In a proposed rule issued Monday, the Internal Revenue Service unveiled guidelines for the Achieving a Better Life Experience, or ABLE, Act. The federal law is designed to allow people with disabilities to save money without risking their government benefits. The proposal offers specifics for the first time on how the new accounts should function and clarifies what types of expenses money saved in an ABLE account could be used for. To read more, click here

Study Examines Cesarean Section Delivery, Autism Spectrum Disorder

The initial results of a study suggested that children born by cesarean section were 21 percent more likely to be diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder but that association did not hold up in further analysis of sibling pairs, implying the initial association was not causal and was more likely due to unknown genetic or environmental factors, according to an article published online by JAMA Psychiatry. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is thought to affect about 0.62 percent of children worldwide, although estimates in the United States have been closer to 1.5 percent. ASD has previously been linked to numerous perinatal factors, possibly including delivery by cesarean section (CS), although ASD could be associated with the indication for CS rather than to CS itself or an unknown genetic factor associated with increased risk of CS and ASD. To read more,click here

Despite Gains, Disability Employment Falls Short

People with disabilities faced an unemployment rate more than twice as high as that of the general population last year, according to new federal statistics. In 2014, the jobless rate for Americans with disabilities was 12.5 percent, the U.S. Department of Labor said. By comparison, the figure was just 5.9 percent for those who are typically developing. Struggles with unemployment persisted for people with disabilities across all age groups and among those with varying levels of education, the Labor Department said. Meanwhile, about 8 in 10 people with disabilities were not in the labor force in 2014 meaning that they were not working and were not seeking employment. By comparison, just 3 in 10 people in the general population fit in this category. To read more, click here

jobsNASET's Latest Job Listings

* Special Education Classroom Teacher - Provides instruction to students with developmental disabilities in education, vocational, functional and self-help, social-emotional, and behavioral areas. To learn more-Click here

* Special Education Teacher - Provides for the academic, social and emotional growth of each student by using a variety of instructional strategies. The Teacher continually assesses each student's progress to maximize his or her fullest potential. To learn More - Click here

* Special Education Teacher (Middle or High School) - For Northumberland Middle School or Northumberland High School. Ability to work in inclusion/collaborative instructional setting. To learn more- Click here

* Special Education Teacher - $125K Salary - Earn a $125,000 salary and join a team of master teachers at The Equity Project (TEP) Charter School, recently featured on the front page of the New York Times. To learn more -Click here

* Self Contained Classroom Special Education Teacher - Needed in Arizona (Phoenix and surrounding cities). Needs are in the self-contained setting serving students with emotional disabilities (ED), Autism (A), Severe/Profound (S/P), and Intellectual Disabilities (ID). STARS is the largest school contract agency in AZ. STARS is therapist owned and operated. To learn more - Click here

Food For Thought..........

What light is to the eyes - what air is to the lungs - what love is to the heart, liberty is to the soul of  man. Robert Green Ingersoll

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