Week in Review - May 27, 2016



National Association of Special Education Teachers

May 27, 2016                                                 Vol 12 Issue # 21

Dear NASET News,

Welcome to NASET'sWEEK in REVIEW.  Here, we provide you with the latest publications from NASET to read and or download, as well as some of the most interesting articles that have happened this week in the field of special education. We hope you enjoy this publication.  Feel free to send us articles for this publication or let us know your thoughts about the WEEK in REVIEW at news@naset.org. Have a great weekend.


NASET News Team


NASET LD Report #23

Test Anxiety and Students with Learning Disabilities
By Kendra Brown

This issue of NASET's LD Report was written by Ms. Kendra Brown, a student at Western Washington University. In the United States, there are many children diagnosed with learning disabilities. Some of these children also struggle with test anxiety disorder. This paper will inform special educators in the secondary school setting about the effects of test anxiety disorders on students with learning disabilities. It will also help special educators identify well-evidenced interventions that are well researched. First, the definition of test anxiety needs to be addressed. Second, the symptoms of this disorder will be discussed. Finally, this paper will address how test anxiety is impacting students with learning disabilities in secondary education.

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Young Children With Sleep Apnea May Face Learning Difficulties: Study

Sleep apnea in young children may affect youngsters' attention, memory and language development, a new study suggests. The researchers added that as sleep apnea worsens, the risk of these problems also may increase. "Although evidence suggesting the presence of cognitive deficits in children with sleep apnea has been around for quite some time, the relatively small groups studied made it difficult to demonstrate a strong relationship between increasing cognitive issues and increasing sleep apnea severity," said Dr. Leila Gozal, from the University of Chicago. Read More

ADHD Can First Appear in Young Adulthood for Some, Study Suggests

A new British study suggests that attention-deficient hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may often develop in the young adult years. Researchers at Kings College London looked at long-term data from 2,200 British twins. They found that close to 70 percent of those diagnosed with ADHD as young adults did not have the disorder when they were children. People with this "late-onset" ADHD also tended to have high levels of symptoms, impairment and other mental health disorders, according to the study. A Brazilian study in the same issue of the journal also found that a large percentage of adults with ADHD did not have the condition in childhood, and the British and Brazilian studies support the findings of a prior New Zealand study. Read More

Board Certification in Special Education Available to NASET Members

Through an agreement with The American Academy of Special Education Professionals(AASEP), NASET members now have the opportunity to achieve AASEP Board Certification in Special Education - (B.C.S.E.) at a reduced fee. AASEP Board Certification in Special Education - (B.C.S.E.) is a voluntary choice on the part of the candidate. The candidate for Board Certification wishes to demonstrate a commitment to excellence to employers, peers, administrators, other professionals, and parents. From the standpoint of the Academy, board certification will demonstrate the highest professional competency in the area of special education. Board Certification in Special Educationestablishes a much needed standard for professionals, across disciplines, who work with exceptional children.Read More

Disability Providers Get Reprieve From New Wage Rule

Disability providers are getting extra leeway as the Obama administration moves forward with a new rule that many worried could force service cuts for people with special needs. The U.S. Department of Labor said this week that it's finalizing a rule that will require far more American workers to receive extra pay for working over 40 hours per week. Currently, salaried workers earning at least $23,660 are exempt from overtime pay. Under the new rule, which will take effect Dec. 1, that threshold will double to $47,476 with automatic increases in the future. Read More

Drug Protects Lung Function in Kids With Sickle Cell: Study

Children with sickle cell disease may breathe easier when they're given hydroxyurea -- an effective, but underused, drug for the disease, new research suggests. In a study of 94 young people with sickle cell, researchers found that hydroxyurea helped slow the decline in lung function that is typical of the disease. The study appears to be the first to show that hydroxyurea can preserve kids' lung function, said lead researcher Dr. Anya McLaren, of the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto. She said the findings should give doctors more reason to prescribe hydroxyurea. The drug, she noted, is already known to prevent severe bouts of pain and serious lung complications in people with sickle cell. Read More


Guess the answer to this week's trivia question and we'll recognize you in next week's Week in Review.

Congratulations to: Yana Goldstein, Raquel Tolentino, Barry Amper, Melody Owens, Pamela Downing-Hosten, Olumide Akerele and Patsy Ray who all knew the answer to last week's trivia question:
QUESTION: During the 2015 fiscal year, the U.S. Department of Education fielded a record number of civil rights complaints. What type of issues accounted for the largest group of complaints logged, representing 46 percent of the record-high 10,392 complaints received by the Office for Civil Rights?
ANSWER: Disability related issues accounted for the largest group of complaints logged.


Pregnant women are encouraged to get plenty of folic acid in their diet or through vitamin supplements, to protect their babies against birth defects of the brain and spinal cord. But new research from John Hopkins University suggests that excessive amounts of folate (vitamin B9) and vitamin B12 in a mother's body might increase a baby's risk of developing what disorder?

If you know the answer, send an email to contactus@naset.org
All answers must be submitted no later than Monday, May 30, 2016 at 12:00 p.m.

ABA Coverage Mandates May Be Falling Short

Forty-four states and the District of Columbia have laws on the books requiring health insurers to cover autism treatments. But new research evaluating the so-called "insurance mandates" suggests these efforts are failing in key ways to help people - especially children - get needed therapy. There's been a push for health insurers to better cover often-pricey autism treatments, especially applied behavior analysis, a type of behavioral modification therapy. Read More

Giving Certain Foods Early May Cut Allergy Risk

Doctors have long warned parents to delay introducing certain foods to babies to decrease the risk of a potential allergic reaction, but a new study suggests that strategy probably doesn't help. The study of about 1,400 children found that when babies were given peanuts, eggs or cow's milk during their first year, they were less likely to become "sensitized" to those common allergy-causing foods. Being sensitized to a food means a child tests positive on a skin test. "That doesn't necessarily mean a food allergy as such, but it indicates the child is on that pathway," said the study's senior author, Dr. Malcolm Sears. The goal is to reduce the risk of sensitization, which also reduces the risk of allergy, said Sears, a professor in the division of respirology at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. Read More

New Autism Dispute: Is Circumcision a Factor?

In the U.S., slightly more than half of boys are circumcised at birth, a much higher percentage than in other industrialized nations. Proponents of circumcision cite lessened risks of sexual disease transmission and penile cancer as well as easier hygiene as the benefits of the practice. But the number of anti-circumcision activists (or "intactivists," as they're known) is growing, and their reasons for leaving baby boys uncircumcised range from human rights to sexual pleasure to another hotly-debated topic: autism. Read More

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Pain, Epilepsy Drug Lyrica May Increase Birth Defects Risk, Study Suggests

The widely prescribed drug pregabalin (Lyrica) may slightly increase the risk for birth defects, a new study suggests. In a small study, researchers found that among women taking Lyrica during the first trimester of pregnancy, 6 percent had infants with major birth defects. In women who weren't taking the drug, 2 percent had a baby with a major birth defect, the study found. "These results should be taken with caution," said study senior author Dr. Thierry Buclin, from the Swiss Teratogen Information Service and the division of clinical pharmacology at the Lausanne University Hospital, in Switzerland. "It's a warning, but it cannot be taken as a certainty." Read More

Children with Brain Tumors Undergoing Radiation Therapy Helped by Play-Based Preparation

New research from St. Jude Children's Research Hospital shows support interventions by child life specialists decrease sedation use and costs associated with cranial radiation therapy. Play-based procedural preparation not only helps children cope with the stress and anxiety of radiation therapy, but can also help reduce the amount of sedation used and cut costs, according to a study from the Child Life Program at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital. The study is published in the June issue of the journal Supportive Care in Cancer. Read More

Lithium Beats Newer Meds for Bipolar Disorder, Study Finds

Lithium outperforms newer mood stabilizers in the treatment of bipolar disorder, a new study has found. Patients taking lithium had lower rates of self-harm and unintentional injury compared to those taking other bipolar drugs, such as valproate (Depacon, Depakote), olanzapine (Zyprexa) or quetiapine (Seroquel), said lead researcher Joseph Hayes. He is a fellow of psychiatry at University College London. "This is important because people with bipolar disorder are 15 times more likely to die by suicide and six times more likely to die by accidental injury than the general population," Hayes explained. Read More

Financial Status Affects Success of Students with Learning Disabilities

College students who receive special accommodations because of a learning disability say they have less difficulty completing assignments and more contact with faculty outside of class than peers who don't receive extra help. A new study by the University of Iowa, however, found that only one third of undergraduates from 11 universities who reported having a learning disability were receiving accommodations. The disparity might come down to two things: a desire to be independent and money. "Some students with learning disabilities go to college, and they want to manage on their own," says Karla McGregor, a professor in the UI Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders and lead author of the study. "They don't want the extra help." Read More

Severe Asthma in Childhood Linked to COPD Risk Later

Though many children with persistent asthma get better as they get older, some may go on to develop chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in early adulthood, a new study suggests. People with the poorest lung function and reduced lung growth are most at risk for developing COPD, a chronic progressive condition that makes it hard to breathe, the researchers said. "Study participants were children with mild-to-moderate persistent asthma, which places them among the most severe 30 or 40 percent of all childhood asthmatics. Among this group, serious airway obstruction is an early life possibility," said researcher Michael McGeachie. Read More

Fathers' Age, Lifestyle Associated with Birth Defects

A growing body of research is revealing associations between birth defects and a father's age, alcohol use and environmental factors, say researchers at Georgetown University Medical Center. They say these defects result from epigenetic alterations that can potentially affect multiple generations. The study, published in the American Journal of Stem Cells, suggest both parents contribute to the health status of their offspring -- a common sense conclusion which science is only now beginning to demonstrate, says the study's senior investigator, Joanna Kitlinska, PhD, an associate professor in biochemistry, and molecular and cellular biology. Read More

The Gluten-Free Diet in Children: Do the Risks Outweigh the Benefits?

The prevalence of celiac disease (CD), an autoimmune disease, is increasing. The only treatment for CD is a gluten-free diet. However, the increasing prevalence of CD does not account for the disproportionate increase in growth of the gluten-free food industry (136% from 2013 to 2015). A Commentary scheduled for publication in The Journal of Pediatrics discusses several of the most common inaccuracies regarding the gluten-free diet. Little is known about the motives of individuals who adopt a gluten-free lifestyle. In a study conducted in 2015 of 1,500 Americans, "no reason" was the most common explanation for choosing gluten-free foods. According to the author of this Commentary, Dr. Norelle R. Reilly, from New York-Presbyterian/Columbia University Medical Center, "Out of concern for their children's health, parents sometimes place their children on a gluten-free diet in the belief that it relieves symptoms, can prevent CD, or is a healthy alternative without prior testing for CD or consultation with a dietitian." Given the frequent misunderstanding about gluten, available data regarding the gluten-free diet warrant clarification. Read More

Honor Society for Special Education Teachers


Factors Influencing ADHD Persistence Into Adulthood Identified

As of 2011, approximately 11% of US children have been diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and that number continues to grow.Additionally, it is estimated that the disorder will persist into adulthood in 50% to 60% of affected individuals. Compared with those for whom the condition remits by adulthood, those with persistent ADHD are more likely to experience social, educational, emotional, and cognitive challenges. It is unclear, however, which factors are associated with an increased risk of long-term ADHD persistence. To that end, researchers at McGill University in Montreal, Canada, and several US universities investigated 8 factors pertaining to childhood functioning and family characteristics to determine whether they are associated with ADHD symptoms in adulthood. Read More

Colors of Autism Spectrum Described by Researchers

Children with autism have a wide range of ability to talk with other people, but it has been difficult to group children by their specific skills. Now researchers at the CanChild Centre for Childhood Disability Research at McMaster University have developed an autism classification system that defines levels of social communications ability among those with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This new system will allow the child's care team to understand and work to improve the child's communication with others in everyday life. Read More

Seattle To Host 2018 Special Olympics

Seattle will host the next Special Olympics USA Games in July 2018. Washington Gov. Jay Inslee and others presented the news late last week to a crowded room of Special Olympics fans and athletes, saying planning is already underway for the roughly one-week competition that will attract thousands of visitors from across the country. "We're thrilled that our region has been selected to host the games," King County Executive Dow Constantine said to the crowd.Read More


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Food For Thought..........

It is not in the stars to hold our destiny but in ourselves

William Shakespeare

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