Week in Review - April 22, 2016



National Association of Special Education Teachers

April 22, 2016                                                Vol 12 Issue # 16

Dear NASET News,

Welcome to NASET'sWEEK in REVIEW.  Here, we provide you with the latest publications fromNASET to read and or download, as well as some of the most interesting articles that have happened this week in the field of special education. We hope you enjoy this publication.  Feel free to send us articles for this publication or let us know your thoughts about the WEEK in REVIEW atnews@naset.org. Have a great weekend.


NASET News Team


NASET Q&A Corner Issue #77

Transitioning to the Every Student Succeed Act (ESSA)

On December 10, 2015, President Obama signed the bipartisan Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), which reauthorizes the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA). The ESSA builds upon the critical work States and local educational agencies (LEAs) have implemented over the last few years. The reauthorized law prioritizes excellence and equity for our students and supports great educators. This issue of NASET's Q & A Corner comes from the U.S. Department of Education's Secretary of Education. The Secretary is offering guidance on transitioning from the ESEA, as amended by the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB) to the ESEA, as amended by the ESSA, including actions the U.S. Department of Education (ED) has taken or will take consistent with its authority under section 4(b) of NCLB to the ESSA to support States, LEAs, and schools in this transition. ED has prepared these frequently asked questions (FAQs) to support States and LEAs in understanding expectations during the transition to full implementation of the ESSA.  Read More


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Tracking Kids' Eye Movements Might Shed New Light on Autism

New findings about where children with autism look during conversations could lead to changes in treatment programs, researchers say. The researchers used special technology to monitor the eye movements of 18 children with autism between the ages of 6 and 12, and 19 children without the developmental disorder. The researchers from the University of Vermont found that children with autism tended to focus more on a speaker's mouth instead of the eyes when the conversation turned to emotional topics, such as what makes the children sad or scared. "What you talk about really matters for children with ASD [autism spectrum disorder]," said lead author Tiffany Hutchins, an assistant professor of communication sciences and disorders. Read More

Why Do Some Kids Escape Terrible Genetic Disorders?

Some severe genetic birth defects, like cystic fibrosis, are considered inescapable, automatically dooming children to disease or disability if they inherit a mutated gene from their parents. But researchers now have found rare instances where children have beaten the odds and defied their genetic destiny. Analysis of nearly 600,000 people's genetic makeup revealed 13 healthy individuals who should have suffered a terrible childhood disease due to their genetics, but for some reason did not. Figuring out how certain people are able to dodge their genetics could provide solutions to some of mankind's worst birth defects, said senior researcher Dr. Stephen Friend. He is the president of Sage Bionetworks, a nonprofit biomedical research organization in Seattle. Read More

Implanted Brain Chip Restores Hand Movement to Man with Quadriplegia

A freak diving accident at age 19 left Ian Burkhart's arms and legs paralyzed. Now 24, the former athlete has regained some use of his fingers, hand and wrist thanks to an experimental technology never before tried in humans, researchers report. A surgically implanted computer chip enables messages to travel from Burkhart's brain to his limbs, bypassing the damaged spinal cord, the researchers said. "The electronic neural bypass technology in this study demonstrates what is possible in the future, and can offer hope for movement restoration to millions of people worldwide living with paralysis," said researcher Gaurav Sharma, of the Battelle Memorial Institute in Columbus, Ohio. Read More

Allergy Med Might Also Fight MS-Linked Eye Damage

An over-the-counter antihistamine used to fight allergies may have an important new role: reversing the vision loss sometimes caused by multiple sclerosis. That's the finding from preliminary research that found that clemastine fumarate partially reversed optic neuropathy in people with MS. Optic neuropathy is damage to the nerve that relays information from the eye to the brain. "While the improvement in vision appears modest, this study is promising because it is the first time a drug has been shown to possibly reverse the damage done by MS," said study author Dr. Ari Green, assistant clinical director of the Multiple Sclerosis Center at the University of California, San Francisco. Read More
2016 -nasco 1


Guess the answer to this week's trivia question and we'll recognize you in next week's Week in Review.

Congratulations to: Laurine Kennedy, Michelle Carpenter, Kimberly Niersel, Mary Crawford, Abi Cielo, Gerald Escoto, Patsy Ray, Denise Keeling, Deveri Hurtado, Olumide Akerele, Pamela Downing-Hosten, Francis Cruz, Evelyn McNelis, Melody Owens, Melissa Miller, Cynthia Williams, Abbey Lewis, Susan Robinson, Andrea DeMeo, Amy Stamm and Barry Amper who all knew the answer to last week's trivia question

QUESTION: Which shoe company is adding to its lineup of sneakers designed specifically for people with disabilities, with a fresh range of offerings for both kids and adults? (This athletic-wear giant is introducing three new shoes that use its FLYEASE entry system, which relies on a wrap-around zipper to secure the shoe and features a larger opening to make it easier to slide feet in and out)


Lung Ultrasound May Be Best to Spot Pneumonia in Kids: Study

Lung ultrasounds may offer a safer, yet equally effective, alternative to chest X-rays for diagnosing pneumonia in children, researchers report. "Ultrasound is portable, cost-saving and safer for children than an X-ray because it does not expose them to radiation," explained study leader Dr. James Tsung. He is an associate professor in the departments of emergency medicine and pediatrics at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, in New York City. The study included 191 emergency department patients aged 21 and younger who were randomly assigned to either an investigational group or a control group. Read More

Prediabetes May Damage Nerves More Than Thought

Prediabetes may cause more nerve damage than previously believed, researchers say. "The results of this new study add urgency to the need for more screening of those with the condition and faster intervention," said senior study author Dr. Michael Polydefkis, a professor of neurology at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. The study included 62 people, including 52 with tingling and pain in their hands and feet -- a condition known as neuropathy. Diabetes is a common cause of neuropathy, the researchers said. Thirteen participants had prediabetes, meaning their blood sugar levels were higher than normal but not yet at the point of diabetes. Read More

Rural Kids Face Special Challenges When Seriously Ill: Study

Sick children from rural areas in the United States have more complex medical problems and cost more to treat than urban or suburban kids, a new hospital study finds. Researchers who analyzed admissions at 41 children's hospitals found significant differences between city kids and their country counterparts. Rural children, for instance, were more likely to require readmission, tended to be from poorer homes and traveled five times as far, on average, for specialized health care. "Children's hospitals and rural health care providers face challenges when coordinating services for rural children, particularly children with chronic conditions," said the study's lead researcher, Dr. Alon Peltz. Read More

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CDC Confirms Zika Causes Microcephaly, Other Birth Defects

For the first time in history, a mosquito-borne virus has been identified as the cause of devastating brain birth defects. That was the conclusion of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, which on Wednesday confirmed that the Zika virus is to blame for severe developmental and neurological problems in newborns. The announcement came after months of reviewing studies from Brazil to Atlanta that documented the virus' link to neural stem cell death. Health officials said the last infectious virus to cause "a major epidemic of congenital birth defects" was rubella, or German measles, in the 1960s. At that time 20,000 babies affected by rubella were born each year. Read More

Google Awards Millions For Disability Initiative

Google is doling out millions of dollars all with an eye toward using technology to increase independence for the world's billion people with disabilities. The company's charitable arm, Google.org, said this week that it has selected 30 organizations to receive grants through its "Google Impact Challenge: Disabilities" initiative. All told, Google is distributing more than $20 million to groups located in 13 different countries through the effort. Read More

Parents Find Ways To Mitigate Bullying, Teasing

When new children are about to start the year at Willard Elementary School in River Forest, Ill., they receive welcome letters, introductions from their teachers ... and an email from a mother at the school explaining why her son looks different from other children his age. "I explain that Conrad is our biological child, that he has a genetic mutation," said Molly Grant of her 7-year-old son, who has achondroplasia, a form of dwarfism. "We discussed that using the term small stature or little person is accepted and respectful, but midget is not respectful." Read More

Body Dysmorphic Disorder Symptoms Improve, Relapse Preventable with Sustained Medication

People with Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) fare better and are less likely to relapse when treated with medication on a long-term basis, according to researchers at Rhode Island Hospital and Massachusetts General Hospital. BDD is an often-chronic mental illness in which people focus intensively on perceived physical flaws, which to others appear minor or even nonexistent. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) that is tailored to BDD and certain types of antidepressant medication called serotonin-reuptake inhibitors (SRIs) often alleviate symptoms. Until this study, no research existed to verify that medication was effective in preventing a relapse of symptoms after medication is suspended. In addition, previous studies regarding the efficacy of medications were short-term. Read More

Key Gene in Development of Celiac Disease has Been Found in 'Junk' DNA

40% of the population carry the main risk factor for celiac disease but only 1% develop the disease. A newly found gene that influences its development has been found in what until recently has been known as 'junk' DNA. Celiac disease is a chronic, immunological disease that is manifested as intolerance to gluten proteins present in wheats to an inflammatory reaction in the small intestine that hampers the absorption of nutrients. The only treatment is a strict, life-long, gluten-free diet. Read More

Whites Receive More State Funding for Autism Services than Other Racial/Ethnic Groups

Whites with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in California receive more state funding than Hispanics, African Americans, Asians and others, new research from UC Davis Health System has found. The study also showed that state spending on ASD increases dramatically with age.Previous evaluations of the state's investment in ASD services have not included adults, a major oversight, according to lead author Paul Leigh, professor of public health sciences and researcher with the Center for Healthcare Policy and Research at UC Davis. Read More

Benefits to Using Telehealth with ASD Families

Telemedicine -- connecting health care providers and patients via computer or smart phone for diagnosis and treatment -- has been making it easier, and more cost-effective, to "see" the doctor. Using a camera-enabled computer or smart phone, patients with common health concerns can get some diagnoses without leaving their homes. Emergency room doctors and nurses are able to communicate with their peers in larger trauma centers via computer, as well. Now a new University of Iowa study, published recently in the journalPediatrics, shows that parents with children on the autism spectrum are able to have a specialist address challenging behavior in these children by interacting over the computer, too -- and at less than half of the cost of receiving similar care in person. Read More

Gang Membership Linked to Depression

Kids who decide to join gangs are more likely to be depressed and suicidal -- and these mental health problems only worsen after joining, finds a new study co-authored by a Michigan State University criminologist. Gang membership is associated with greater levels of depression, as well as a 67 percent increase in suicidal thoughts and a 104 percent increase in suicide attempts. "Youth who join a gang are much more likely to have mental health issues, and then being in the gang actually makes it worse," said Chris Melde, MSU associate professor of criminal justice. "It doesn't act as an antidepressant. And some people may be seeking that out -- a sense of well-being or purpose." Read More


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Food For Thought..........

Try to be a rainbow in someone else's cloud

Maya Angelou

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