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NASET's HOW TO Series
How to Conduct a Functional Behavior Assessment
CONDUCTING A FUNCTIONAL BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENT
Identifying the underlying causes of behavior may take many forms; and, while the Amendments to IDEA advise a functional behavioral assessment approach (which could determine specific contributors to behavior), they do not require or suggest specific techniques or strategies to use when assessing that behavior. While there are a variety of techniques available to conduct a functional behavioral assessment, the first step in the process is to define the behavior in concrete terms. In the following section we will discuss techniques to define behavior.
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NASET's HOW TO Series
How to Identify Possible Symptoms of Neglect
What is Neglect?
This is not an easy question. In general, neglect is an act of omission. It is the failure of a child's primary caretaker to provide adequate food, clothing, shelter, supervision, and medical care. But what is adequate? And is it neglect if the primary caretaker is simply unable to provide for the child's needs, or must the caretaker "willfully" deprive the child? And is it neglect only if the child has suffered harm, or if the child is potentially at harm? And are there other types of deprivation not mentioned above-such as a failure to provide for a child's educational or emotional needs-that also should be classified as neglect? Both legal and research professionals struggle with these questions. In this issue of the How To Series the topic is Neglect.
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Doctors Often Ignore Parents' Concerns About Autism in Young Kids: Study
Delays in diagnosing and treating autism often occur when doctors ignore parents' concerns about their child's early development, a new study suggests. A team led by Dr. Katharine Zuckerman, of Oregon Health and Science University in Portland, compared the medical records of more than 1,400 children with autism against those of 2,100 children with other forms of delayed intellectual development. For children who later turned out to have an autism spectrum disorder, doctors and other health care providers were 14 percent less likely to have taken action -- such as conducting developmental tests or referring the child to a specialist -- in response to parents' concerns about autism, compared to children from the other group. To read more,click here
Kids With Type 1 Diabetes Face Much Higher Hospitalization Rates
Children with type 1 diabetes are nearly five times more likely to be hospitalized than those without the disease, a new British study finds. The risk is highest among preschoolers and children in poor families. "Children with diabetes are at an unacceptably increased risk of being admitted to hospital," John Gregory, a professor and specialist in pediatric endocrinology at Cardiff University School of Medicine, said in a university news release. The situation may not be much different for American children, one expert said. To read more,click here
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Inhaled Measles Vaccine Falls Short of Injected Version in Study
A comparison of injected and inhaled measles vaccines in Indian infants found the injected version provoked a much stronger immune system response, researchers report. International scientists split a group of 2,000 babies between the ages of 9 and 12 months into two equal groups, giving them a single dose of either injected or inhaled measles vaccine. While none of the children contracted measles, blood tests showed significantly more antibodies against the virus in children injected with the vaccine. To read more,click here
New Drug Shows Promise for MS
An experimental drug appears to repair nerve damage seen in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients, results of an early trial suggest. MS, an often disabling disease of the central nervous system, damages myelin, the fatty substance that protects nerves. Now, for the first time, researchers show evidence of repair of damaged myelin in the human brain, said lead researcher Dr. Diego Cadavid, who is with Massachusetts-based Biogen Idec, which makes the drug and funded the trial. The trial was the second of three phases required for U.S. Food and Drug Administration approval of the drug, known as anti-LINGO-1. To read more,click here
NASET MEMBER'S BENEFIT -
Board Certification in Special Education Available to NASET Members
Through an agreement with The American Academy of Special Education Professionals(AASEP), NASET members now have the opportunity to achieve AASEP Board Certification in Special Education - (B.C.S.E.) at a reduced fee. AASEP Board Certification in Special Education - (B.C.S.E.) is a voluntary choice on the part of the candidate. The candidate for Board Certification wishes to demonstrate a commitment to excellence to employers, peers, administrators, other professionals, and parents. From the standpoint of the Academy, board certification will demonstrate the highest professional competency in the area of special education. Board Certification in Special Educationestablishes a much needed standard for professionals, across disciplines, who work with exceptional children.
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TRIVIA QUESTION OF THE WEEK
Guess the answer to this week's trivia question and we'll recognize you in next week's Week in Review.
Congratulations to: Marie Wise-Miu, Pamela Downing-Hosten and Olumide Akerele who knew the answer to last week's trivia question: According to the latest research in the field, children who experience trauma such as divorce, death of a parent or domestic violence are more likely to develop what type of "health impairment" than other kids?
THIS WEEK'S TRIVIA QUESTION:
Recent research has linked the thin air of higher elevations to increased rates of depression and suicide. But a new study shows there's also good news from up in the aspens and pines: The prevalence of what disorder decreases substantially as altitude increases?
If you know the answer, send an email email@example.com
All answers must be submitted no later than Monday, April 27, 2015 at 12:00 p.m.
Spring Allergy Season Could Be a Bloomin' Nightmare
If you've got seasonal allergies, you probably already know that spring has finally arrived. And, some experts are predicting that this allergy season may be one of the worst in years. After a long, cold, wet winter, trees and flowers all seem to be blooming at once, and that means a sudden, big burst of all different types of pollen at the same time.
Some experts are even predicting a "pollen vortex." The one bright spot? Because the pollen season started later, it's likely to be shorter, according to Dr. Joseph Leija, an allergist with the Loyola University Health System's Gottleib Memorial Hospital in Chicago. Leija has also been in charge of measuring the Midwest's official pollen count for the U.S. National Allergy Bureau for the past two decades. To read more,click here
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E-Cigarette Use Triples Among U.S. Teens in 1 Year
E-cigarettes are booming among U.S. teens, with nearly 2.5 million middle and high school students now choosing to "vape" rather than smoke traditional cigarettes or indulge in other forms of tobacco, federal health officials reported Thursday. E-cigarette use among middle and high school students tripled from 2013 to 2014, making the nicotine-delivery devices the most popular tobacco product now used by American teens, according to data from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's 2014 National Youth Tobacco Survey. This is the first time e-cigs have surpassed in teen popularity every other tobacco product, a trend that CDC Director Dr. Tom Frieden called "deeply alarming." To read more,click here
New Synthetic Drug 'Flakka' Triggers Crazed Behaviors
A potent new designer drug called "flakka" is making headlines across the United States, driving many users into fits of screaming, naked rage accompanied by vivid hallucinations. Why naked? Because the drug sends body temperatures skyrocketing to as high as 106 degrees, which prompts users who have taken too much to rip away their clothes during sweating, delusional fits. "They strip off their clothes and run outdoors, acting very violent with adrenaline-surged strength," said Jim Hall, an epidemiologist at the Center for Applied Research on Substance Use and Health Disparities at Nova Southeastern University in Broward County, Fla. To read more,click here
1 in 10 U.S. Teens Has Tried Hashish
A new study identifies factors that increase teens' risk of using hashish, a more powerful cousin of marijuana. "Nearly one out of 10 teens reported ever using hashish and it was used by a quarter of lifetime marijuana users," Joseph Palamar, a researcher affiliated with New York University's Center for Drug Use and HIV Research, said in a university news release. Palamar is also an assistant professor of population health at NYU Langone Medical Center. Like marijuana, hashish can be smoked, vaporized or cooked into foods, the researchers explained. What's different is that hashish contains a greater concentration of THC, which is the most psychoactive component of marijuana and hashish. A marijuana cigarette has about 0.5 to 5 percent THC. But hashish contains between 2 and 20 percent, and sometimes as much as 50 percent, according to the study authors. To read more,click here
Narcotic Painkillers in Pregnancy Common, Harmful to Baby: Study
Use of prescription narcotic painkillers is common in pregnancy and increases the likelihood a baby will be born small or early, or go through painful drug withdrawal, a new study finds. These prescription painkillers, also called opioids, include drugs such as hydrocodone (Vicodin), oxycodone (Oxycontin), codeine and morphine. Nearly 30 percent of the Tennessee mothers-to-be in the new study used at least one of these drugs while pregnant, and the associated risks went up if they also smoked or took antidepressants. To read more,click here
Not Interested in School? Maybe They're Born That Way
Kids who avoid doing homework and don't care about getting A's may have inherited their indifference toward school from their parents, new research suggests. As much as half of a child's motivation to learn -- or lack of motivation -- may be driven by a genetic predisposition, according to an analysis involving more than 13,000 identical twins in six countries. However, the study team cautioned that enjoyment of learning is a complex dynamic that isn't easily boiled down to any single gene. Rather, it stems from an ongoing interaction between the child's genetic makeup and environment. To read more,click here
Father's Sperm May Hold Clues to Autism Risk
Sperm may hold clues about whether a man's children will be at increased risk for autism, a small study suggests. Autism spectrum disorder is a group of developmental problems that can cause significant social, communication and behavioral challenges, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The CDC estimates that one in 68 U.S. children has an autism spectrum disorder. Many experts believe that autism is usually inherited, but there is no genetic test to assess autism risk, the Johns Hopkins University researchers said in a Hopkins news release. To read more,click here
Liquid Medical Marijuana Shows Promise Against Severe Epilepsy
A liquid form of medical marijuana may help people with severe epilepsy that does not respond to other treatments, according to a new report. The study included 213 child and adult patients with 12 different types of severe epilepsy. Some of them had Dravet syndrome and Lennox-Gastaut syndrome, which are types of epilepsy that can cause intellectual disability and lifelong seizures. The patients took a liquid form of medical marijuana, called cannabidiol, daily for 12 weeks. To read more,click here
Stem Cells, Fecal Transplants Show Promise for Crohn's Disease
Two experimental therapies might help manage the inflammatory bowel disorder Crohn's disease, if this early research pans out. In one study, researchers found that a fecal transplant -- stool samples taken from a healthy donor -- seemed to send Crohn's symptoms into remission in seven of nine children treated. In another, a separate research team showed that stem cells can have lasting benefits for a serious Crohn's complication called fistula. According to the Crohn's & Colitis Foundation, up to 700,000 Americans have Crohn's -- a chronic inflammatory disease that causes abdominal cramps, diarrhea, constipation and rectal bleeding. It arises when the immune system mistakenly attacks the lining of the digestive tract. To read more,click here
Too Few Kids With Epilepsy, Cerebral Palsy Get Flu Shot: Study
Children with neurological disorders such as epilepsy or cerebral palsy are at increased risk for complications from the flu, but are no more likely to receive a flu shot than other kids are, a new U.S. study shows. It's possible that many doctors don't know that some of these disorders put children at increased risk for flu-related complications, the researchers said. "Our research shows that influenza vaccination in children with [neurological disorders] is comparable to vaccination in healthy children -- but both rates are suboptimal," study author Dr. Michael Smith, a pediatric infectious disease specialist at the University of Louisville, said in a university news release. To read more,click here
States Offered $15 Million To Spur Disability Employment
Federal officials want existing job training programs to better serve people with disabilities and they're putting up millions of dollars to make it happen. The U.S. Department of Labor said this week that $15 million is on the table for the effort. The new funding is intended to be used by state workforce agencies to create "flexible and innovative strategies" to grow participation of people with disabilities in federally-funded job training programs. To read more,click here
Feds Take Aim At Sheltered Workshops
The Obama administration is proposing new regulations that would sharply limit people with disabilities from entering employment situations where they earn less than minimum wage. The U.S. Department of Education is unveiling a draft rule this week designed to encourage competitive employment for most people with disabilities, largely through modifications to the Vocational Rehabilitation program. The proposal comes less than a year after the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act was signed into law mandating the changes. To read more,click here
Is Gestational Diabetes Linked to Autism?
Pregnancy-related diabetes may increase the risk a child will develop autism, new research suggests. The blood sugar disorder, known as gestational diabetes, was linked to a moderately increased risk for an autism spectrum disorder in a study of more than 320,000 U.S. children, said study researcher Anny Xiang, director of statistical research at Kaiser Permanente Southern California. However, it was an "observational study" and cannot prove a direct cause-and-effect relationship between gestational diabetes -- which affects up to 9 percent of pregnant women in the United States -- and autism. To read more,click here
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Brain's Visual Center Similar in Sighted and Those Blind From Birth
The way the brain organizes its visual sense is the same in people who are blind from birth and sighted people, a new study shows. The findings challenge the long-held belief that the brain's visual cortex -- which handles the sense of sight -- doesn't develop properly in people who are blind from birth. "The brain's map is hardwired, possibly dependent on genetically driven processes that do not need any external sensory information for their activation," said study co-lead researcher Amir Amedi, associate professor of medical neurobiology at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. To read more,click here