NASET Q & A Corner
Schizophrenia is a chronic, severe, and disabling brain disorder that has affected people throughout history. People with the disorder may hear voices other people don't hear. They may believe other people are reading their minds, controlling their thoughts, or plotting to harm them. This can terrify people with the illness and make them withdrawn or extremely agitated. People with schizophrenia may not make sense when they talk. They may sit for hours without moving or talking. Sometimes people with schizophrenia seem perfectly fine until they talk about what they are really thinking. Families and society are affected by schizophrenia too. Many people with schizophrenia have difficulty holding a job or caring for themselves, so they rely on others for help. Treatment helps relieve many symptoms of schizophrenia, but most people who have the disorder cope with symptoms throughout their lives. However, many people with schizophrenia can lead rewarding and meaningful lives in their communities. Researchers are developing more effective medications and using new research tools to understand the causes of schizophrenia. In the years to come, this work may help prevent and better treat the illness. This issue ofNASET'sQ & A Cornercomes from the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) and will focus on information pertaining to schizophrenia.
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JOURNAL of the AMERICAN ACADEMY of SPECIAL EDUCATION PROFESSIONALS (JAASEP)
Spring- Summer 2014
Table of Contents
JAASEP Editorial Board of Reviewers
* Using E-Readers to Improve Reading for Students with Mild Disabilities
Amy Camardese, M. Eileen Morelli, Yehuda Peled and Maile Kirkpatrick
* Importance of Quality of Life Issues: A Pilot Comparison of Teachers and Parents of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders
Julie Ivey-Hatz and Karen Frederick
* Effects of Early Childhood Education on Children with Hearing Impairments in Special Schools in Kiambu, Murang'A and Nyeri Counties, Kenya
Franciscah I. Wamocho and John Aluko Orodho
* Bringing ABA into Early Childhood Routines to Meet the Needs of Young Children with ASD
Debra Leach, Ed.D.
* Perceptions of Pre-Service Teachers As They Relate to Professional Practice
Emily Williams, Elissa Poel, Miguel Licona, Elsa Arroyos and Alma Meraz-Rodriguez
* Effectiveness of Transitional and Follow-Up Programmes to Community Integration of Young Adults with Intellectual Disabilities (YAWID) in Kiambu County, Kenya
Margaret W. Makanya, Mary Runo and Violet Wawire
* Family Communication: Strategies for Building Effective Partnerships and Working Relationships
Emily R. Shamash and Alyson M. Martin
* ADHD in Preschool: Approaches and Teacher Training
Ajay Singh and Jane Squires
* Practitioners' Perceptions of Their Knowledge, Skills and Competencies in Online Teaching of Students with and without Disabilities
Diana L. Greer, Sean J. Smith and James D. Basham
* Effects of Environmental and Instructional Factors on Student Motivation and Self-Directed Learning
Anne D. Burkhalter
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SeeNASET'sLatest Job Listings
Autism's Costs Can Run Into Millions for One Person
The lifetime cost of supporting just one person with autism can range from $1.4 million to $2.4 million, with factors as varied as lost wages, residential care and special education driving up expenses, a new study has found. Medical care plays a role in pushing these costs, but is not the main factor, said study senior author David Mandell, director of the Center for Mental Health Policy and Services Research at the University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine. Lost wages are a critical driver for the lifetime cost of autism, as parents leave work to care for their autistic children and adults with the disorder fail to find or maintain employment, Mandell said. To read more,click here
NASET Sponsor - Drexel University Online
Brothers Complete 40-Mile Journey For Cerebral Palsy
A teen trekked 40 miles over the weekend, braving the heat and rain, all while carrying his brother who has cerebral palsy in an effort to raise awareness of the condition. Hunter Gandee, 14, arrived Sunday at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor with his 50-pound brother, Braden, 7, riding piggyback. The two began their journey the day before in Temperance, Mich., setting out with a group of family and friends on the walk, which included an overnight stop. To read more,click here
Background TV May Hinder Toddlers' Language Development
Having the television on while you play with your toddler could hinder the child's language development, according to a new study. Researchers observed interaction between 49 parents and their toddlers, aged 12, 24 and 36 months, as they played together for an hour. During half of that time, a TV program with content for older children and adults was on in the background. The number of words and phrases, including the number of new words, spoken by parents was lower when the TV was on than when it was off, the study found. To read more,click here
Technology Gaining Foothold In Special Education
Eleven-year-old Matthew Votto sits at an iPad, his teacher at his elbow. She holds up a small laminated picture of a $20 bill. "What money is this?" she asks. Matthew looks at the iPad, touches a square marked "Money Identification" and then presses $20. "20," the tablet intones, while the teacher, Edwina Rogers, puts another sticker on a pad, bringing Matthew closer to a reward. They race through more questions. "What day of the week is it?" "What is the weather outside?" "What money is this?" In most cases, Matthew, who has autism, answers verbally, but he is quicker and seems more comfortable on the device. To read more,click here
NASET Sponsor - University of Kansas
Gut Bacteria in Young Children with Diabetes Show Differences
A new study finds that germs in the guts of young children with type 1 diabetes are different from those of other kids. Bacteria in the guts of kids with type 1 diabetes appear less balanced than bacteria in children without diabetes, Dutch researchers reported in the June 12 issue of Diabetologia. Moreover, the nondiabetic children had higher levels of a usually beneficial kind of germ. Germs in the gut may be important because research has linked changes in their composition to the development of type 1 diabetes, which is increasing worldwide. There has been a sharp rise in diagnoses seen in children under age 5 in particular, the researchers, from University Medical Center Groningen, said in a journal news release. To read more,click here
NASET Sponsor - University of Nebraska
Military Families Make Push For Increased ABA Coverage
As an infant, Cody Kapacziewski hit all his developmental milestones except those relating to language. "He didn't babble much," recalled his mother, Kimberly Kapacziewski. "He was walking on time, standing on time, but the language was never there." Cody was diagnosed with autism at 20 months and soon after, his parents started him in an intensive and expensive therapy program called applied behavior analysis, or ABA. Cody, now 3, responds to his name and has made many other strides. To read more,click here
TRIVIA QUESTION OF THE WEEK
Guess the answer to this week's trivia question and we'll recognize you in next week's Week in Review.
Congratulations to: Shameem Banu, Olumide Akerele, Kerry Drossos, Andrew Bailey, Mike Namian, Pamela Downing-Hosten, Ope-Oluwa Olubela, and Marilyn Rainey who all knew the answer to last week's Trivia Question:
According to the latest research in the field, babies born to women exposed to fine particle air pollution during the second trimester of pregnancy may be at greater risk for developing what health impairment in early childhood? Answer:Asthma
THIS WEEK'S TRIVIA QUESTION:
Archie Comics said that a new character named Harper will join Archie, Jughead, Betty, Veronica and Reggie in the fictional town of Riverdale beginning later this month. What makes the addition of Harper unique to this comic book mainstay?
If you know the answer, send an email email@example.com
All answers must be submitted no later than Monday, June 23, 2014 at 12:00 p.m.
NASET Sponsor - Purdue University
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Childhood Cancer Survivors More Likely to Be Hospitalized: Study
Childhood cancer survivors wind up in the hospital more often than other people, a new study finds. The researchers looked at nearly 1,500 people who were treated for childhood cancer between 1975 and 2005, and a "control" group of more than 7,700 people who never had cancer. All of the cancer survivors were at least five years past their diagnosis at the start of the study. Compared to the control group, childhood cancer survivors were 52 percent more likely to be hospitalized and had a 67 percent higher number of hospital admissions. The cancer survivors were also 35 percent more likely to have stayed longer every time they were hospitalized, the investigators found. To read more,click here
Congress To 'Combat' Autism No More
In a win for self-advocates, lawmakers said this week that they will no longer seek to include the term "combating" in the title of the nation's primary autism legislation. A bill to reauthorize hundreds of millions of dollars in federal spending for prevalence tracking, research, early identification efforts and other autism initiatives will move forward under a new name - the Autism Collaboration, Accountability, Research, Education and Support Act, or Autism CARES. The new name emerged earlier this week in a U.S. Senate proposal to renew the law previously known as the Combating Autism Act. A committee in the U.S. House of Representatives quickly followed suit by attaching the new title to its version of the bill and voting to move the measure on for consideration by the full House. To read more,click here
Scans Show Even 'Late' Preemies Have Brain Differences
Being born just a few weeks early may have more impact on brain size and maturity than previously thought, a new study suggests. Using MRI scans, Australian researchers compared the size and development of various brain structures in babies born between 32 and 36 weeks and those born after 37 weeks of gestation. They found that late preterm birth appears to disrupt the brain growth that would normally occur in the final one to two months of pregnancy. "What was perhaps not expected was the extent of the differences," said study author Dr. Jennifer Walsh, a consultant neonatologist at Royal Women's Hospital in Melbourne. "Many areas of the brain were affected, and their brains looked less mature than might have been anticipated." To read more,click here
Inside the Adult ADHD Brain: Differences Between Adults Who Have Recovered, and Those Who Have Not
Brain scans differentiate adults who have recovered from childhood ADHD and those whose difficulties linger, research shows. In the first study to compare patterns of brain activity in adults who recovered from childhood ADHD and those who did not, neuroscientists have discovered key differences in a brain communication network that is active when the brain is at wakeful rest and not focused on a particular task. The findings offer evidence of a biological basis for adult ADHD and should help to validate the criteria used to diagnose the disorder.To read more,click here
Combo Vaccine Raises Risk of Fever-Related Seizures in Toddlers: Study
Toddlers who get a newer vaccine that fights four infections in one jab have a slightly increased risk of fever-induced seizure, a large new study confirms. At issue is a vaccine that targets measles, mumps, rubella and varicella (chickenpox) in one shot, instead of giving the traditional MMR and varicella vaccines separately. In theory, one shot sounds better than two. But in the new study, 1-year-olds who received Priorix-Tetra -- the MMRV vaccine used in Canada -- were twice as likely to develop a fever-related seizure as children who got separate MMR and chickenpox shots. To read more,click here
NASET MEMBER'S BENEFIT -
Group Savings Plus from Liberty Mutual
As a member ofNASETyou qualify for a special group discount* on your auto, home, and renter's insurance through Group Savings Plus® from Liberty Mutual. This unique program allows you to purchase high-quality auto, home and renters insurance at low group rates.
See for yourself how much money you could save with Liberty Mutual compared to your current insurance provider. For a free, no-obligation quote, call 800-524-9400800-524-9400 or visitwww.libertymutual.com/naset,or visit your local sales office.
*Group discounts, other discounts, and credits are available where state laws and regulations allow, and may vary by state. Certain discounts apply to specific coverage only. To the extent permitted by law, applicants are individually underwritten; not all applicants may qualify. Coverage provided and underwritten by Liberty Mutual Insurance Company and its affiliates, 175 Berkeley Street, Boston, MA.
Teen Mental Health: Teenagers Go from School Psychologist to Family Doctor
After initially visiting a school psychologist, adolescents in the United States with a mental disorder often go to seek care from their pediatricians or family doctors. Fewer of them continue their treatment directly with a psychotherapist or doctor specialized in mental disorders. This shows an analysis conducted by scientists at the University of Basel that has just been published in the academic journal PLOS ONE. The results are based on a nationally representative cohort of 6,500 U.S. teenagers. A considerable number of children and adolescents suffer from a mental disorder at some point of their time in school. In these cases, school psychologists are an important first contact point. However, their ability to provide comprehensive psychotherapeutic treatment directly is limited. Ideally, school psychologists should guide the way through the health care system in order to ensure children get access to adequate mental care from specialists. To read more,click here
NASET MEMBER'S BENEFIT -
Board Certification in Special Education Available to NASET Members
Through an agreement with The American Academy of Special Education Professionals(AASEP), NASET members now have the opportunity to achieve AASEP Board Certification in Special Education - (B.C.S.E.) at a reduced fee. AASEP Board Certification in Special Education - (B.C.S.E.) is a voluntary choice on the part of the candidate. The candidate for Board Certification wishes to demonstrate a commitment to excellence to employers, peers, administrators, other professionals, and parents. From the standpoint of the Academy, board certification will demonstrate the highest professional competency in the area of special education. Board Certification in Special Educationestablishes a much needed standard for professionals, across disciplines, who work with exceptional children.
For more information on Board Certification in Special Education,click here
Neurostimulator Implanted for Epilepsy
Spectrum Health is the first health system in Michigan and among the first in the nation to successfully implant a recently FDA-approved device that uses electric stimulation of the brain to treat adult epilepsy patients whose seizures have not responded to medication. The NeuroPace® Responsive Neurostimulation (RNS®) System is an implantable therapeutic device designed to detect abnormal electrical activity in the brain and respond by delivering imperceptible electrical stimulation to normalize brain activity before an individual experiences seizures.To read more,click here
Participants Sought for Study Being Conducted by U.S. Department of Education
We are seeking Special Educators to participate in an interesting study funded by the U.S. Department of Education. Please forward this email to any people or groups you think might be interested in participating. Participants must:
- Currently serve at least one student with complex communication needs at any grade level, including early intervention/early childhood special education.
- Be responsible for developing communication-related IEP/IFSP goals for one student, as described above.
- NOT currently use the Communication Matrix to evaluate students
Participants will receive an honorarium ranging from $200-$350 depending on the group they are assigned to.
If you are interested in further details about this study, please email firstname.lastname@example.org.
U. S. Dept. of Education
Dr. Charity Rowland, P. I.
NASET Sponsor - Purdue University
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