Week in Review - February 14, 2014

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Special Education Dictionary

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NewNASETPublications and Articles of Interest in Special Education and Disabilities That Were Reported This Week

February 14, 2014 - Vol 10, Issue 7


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Dear NASET News,

Welcome toNASET'sWEEK in REVIEWHere, we provide you with the latest publications fromNASETto read and or download, as well as some of the most interesting articles that have happened this week in the field of special education. We hope you enjoy this publication.  Feel free to send us articles for this publication or let us know your thoughts about theWEEK in REVIEWatnews@naset.org.Have a great weekend.


NASETNews Team

NASET Sponsor - Liberty Mutual


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New This Week on NASET

JAASEP - Research Based Journal
in Special Education
February 2014
Table of Contents:

Preservice Teachers' Attitudes Toward Inclusive Education Policy in the United States

Autism Spectrum Disorders and Implications for Teachers

Stop the Blame Game: Teachers and Parents Working Together to Improve Outcomes for Students with Behavior Disorders

Positive and Negative Aspects of Inclusion Services

Teacher Perceptions of Response to Intervention Implementation in Light of IDEA Goals

Supporting Preschool Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) and Their Families

Specific Language Impairment: Defining the Disorder and Identifying Its Symptoms in Preschool Children

Adolescence: A Period of Transition

Students with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Participating in Recess

Issues and Concerns of Assessment for English Language Learners with Learning Disabilities

Maximizing the Potential of Our Youth with Intellectual Disabilities: Rethinking Functional Curriculum

Trust and Communication: Perspectives of Mothers of Children with Disabilities on the Role and Importance of Communication in Trusting Relationships with Teachers

To read or download this issue -Click here (login required)


NASET Q & A Corner
Issue #64

Considering Assistive Technology: A Resource forIEP Teams
Assistive technology enables children with disabilities to participate more fully in all aspects of life (home, school, and community) and helps them access their right to a ?free appropriate, public education? in the ?least restrictive environment?. The IEP team must determine whether an individual child needs an assistive technology device or service, and if so, the nature and extent to be provided. It is possible that an assistive technology evaluation will be required to determine if the child would need an assistive technology service and/or assistive technology device. Any needs identified should be reflected in the content of the IEP, including, as appropriate, the instructional program and services provided to the child. This issue of NASET's Q & A Corner comes from NICHCY and will address the importance of assistive technology and how assistive technology is determined by IEP Teams.

To read or download this issue - Click here (login required)

How to Work with the Student with Intellectual Disabilities in the Classroom

What is intellectual and developmental disability?
A student can be defined as having an intellectual and developmental disability if he/she exhibits certain learning, social and behavior patterns to a marked extent and over a prolonged period of time. Such patterns may include:
* A consistently sub-average intellectual level
* Impaired adaptive functioning in such areas as social skills, communication and daily living skills
* Consistently slow rate of learning and as a result their level of development resembles that of a younger child
* Delays in most areas of development


How to Work with the Student with Emotional Disturbance in the Classroom

What is emotional disturbance?

A student can be defined as having an emotionally disability if he/she exhibits certain behavior patterns to a marked extent and over a prolonged period of time. Such patterns may include:
* An inability to learn on a consistent basis which cannot be explained by intellectual capability, hearing and vision status, and physical health anomalies.
* An inability or unwillingness to develop or maintain satisfactory interpersonal relationships with peers, teachers, parents, or other adults.
*Extreme over-reactions to minimally stressful situations over a prolonged period of time.
*A general pervasive mood of sadness or depression.
*A tendency to develop somatic complaints, pains or excessive fears associated with home, school or social situations.

To read or download this issue - Click here (login required)



See NASET's Latest Job Listings

Infants' Response to Talking Faces May Be Clue to Autism

Infants who shifted their gaze from faces of people who were speaking were more likely to be diagnosed with autism when they were older, a new study reveals. This is the first time that this type of abnormal response to speech at a young age has been linked to a future diagnosis of autism, the authors noted. The researchers used eye-tracking technology to map the eye movements of 99 infants at 6 months of age as they were shown videos of still, smiling and speaking faces. The children were checked for a diagnosis of autism when they were 3 years old. To read more,click here

Experimental 'Implanted Insulin' Device Seeks to Control Blood Sugar Levels

A so-called implantable insulin delivery device could one day free people with type 1 diabetes from the need for multiple daily injections, scientists say. "Diabetes is a difficult-to-treat condition, and yet keeping in very good balance all the time is the only way to maintain good health," said the lead researcher on the project, Joan Taylor, a professor of pharmacy at De Montfort University in Leicester, England. Taylor and her colleagues hope to have the device ready for human trials in as soon as two years. To read more,click here

Fever-Related Seizures in Kids Eased by Epilepsy Drug: Study

Early treatment with antiepileptic drugs reduces the length of fever-related seizures in children, according to a new study. Published Feb. 6 in the journal Epilepsia, the study also found that a standard emergency medical services treatment guideline for prolonged fever-related seizures is needed in the United States. Most fever-related seizures, also called febrile seizures, are brief, but up to 10 percent can last more than 30 minutes. These prolonged seizures can put children at risk for short- and long-term complications, including developing epilepsy, according to a journal news release. To read more,click here



Board Certification in Special Education Available to NASET Members

Through an agreement with The American Academy of Special Education Professionals(AASEP), NASET members now have the opportunity to achieve AASEP Board Certification in Special Education - (B.C.S.E.) at a reduced fee.  AASEP Board Certification in Special Education - (B.C.S.E.) is a voluntary choice on the part of the candidate. The candidate for Board Certification wishes to demonstrate a commitment to excellence to employers, peers, administrators, other professionals, and parents. From the standpoint of the Academy, board certification will demonstrate the highest professional competency in the area of special education. Board Certification in Special Educationestablishes a much needed standard for professionals, across disciplines, who work with exceptional children.


For more information on Board Certification in Special Education,click here

Shy Kids Might Not Have Difficulty With Language

Shy children do not have difficulties with language, suggests a new study that challenges previous research. Although shy kids tend to speak less, they understand what's being said as well as more outgoing youngsters, the researchers said. They also found that girls have higher levels of shyness and language development than boys. The University of Colorado researchers assessed shyness and the ability to speak and understand language in more than 800 young children when they were aged 14 months, 20 months and 24 months. Although shy children were less likely to speak to others, they showed no signs of language problems, according to the study, which was published Feb. 3 in the journal Child Development. To read more,click here

Preemie Breathing Problems Might Linger in Adulthood

Adults who were born prematurely and had breathing problems after birth might still have breathing issues in adulthood, according to a small new study. However, the problems might become evident only in situations in which oxygen levels are lower than normal, such as traveling to a high altitude, the researchers said. "All of the individuals we studied looked completely normal," said study lead author Melissa Bates, an assistant scientist in the department of pediatrics at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. "They had no apparent long-term consequences from prematurity until their respiration was stressed. They had very impaired responses to low-oxygen stress." To read more,click here

Black Children, Teens More Likely to Return to Hospital for Asthma

Financial and social hardships are the major reasons black children and teens are twice as likely as whites to be readmitted to the hospital for asthma, a new study suggests. Researchers looked at nearly 800 asthma patients, aged 1 to 16, who were admitted to Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center between August 2010 and October 2011. Fifty-seven percent of the patients were black. Overall, 19 percent of the children were readmitted to the hospital within a year. This included 23 percent of blacks and 11 percent of other children, most of whom were white, according to the study, which was published online Feb. 3 in the journal Pediatrics. To read more,click here

NASET Sponsor - University of Cincinnati


Guess the answer to this week's trivia question and we'll recognize you in next week's Week in Review.

Congratulations to: Mike Namian, Joan Helbing, Ida K. O'Leary, Marilyn Rainey, Pamela Downing-Hosten, Ope-Oluwa Olubela, Olumide Akerele, Sue Pilling, and Andrew Bailey who all knew the answer to last week's trivia question: According to the latest research is sports medicine, girls in middle school are now more vulnerable to getting a specific soccer injury. And despite medical advice to the contrary, many play through their injury, increasing the risk of this happening again.
ANSWER:  Concussion

According to the latest research, drivers with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are nearly 50 percent more likely to be involved in what situation?

If you know the answer, send an email tocontactus@naset.org
All answers must be submitted no later than Monday, February 17, 2014 at 12:00 p.m.

Many Individuals with Bipolar Disorder Take Multiple Psychiatric Meds

Many people with bipolar disorder take multiple medications to manage the symptoms, which can be extremely challenging, a new study reveals. Researchers looked at 230 patients with bipolar disorder who were admitted to a Rhode Island psychiatric hospital in 2010. They found that more than half of patients were taking three or more psychiatric medications and 36 percent were taking four or more. About 20 percent weren't taking any psychiatric medications. Women were more likely than men to be taking four or more psychiatric drugs, a situation called "complex polypharmacy." Women accounted for 58 percent of the patients in the study but for 68 percent of those with complex polypharmacy. To read more,click here

Babies Born to Moms Over 35 May Have Lower Risk for Certain Birth Defects

Women in their late 30s or 40s are often told that the odds of delivering a baby with a birth defect rises with age. But a new study suggests that the opposite may be true when it comes to certain types of physical abnormalities. The study found that women aged 35 and older face a lower risk of having children with birth defects known as major congenital malformations -- physical defects that are not caused by abnormalities in chromosomes. "This study may provide some reassurance to women deciding to delay childbearing and who in other areas -- such as genetically and with their own personal medical health -- face increasing pregnancy risks," said Dr. Jill Rabin, chief of obstetrics and gynecology at Long Island Jewish Medical Center in New Hyde Park, N.Y. She was not involved in the study. To read more,click here

Obama Administration Weighing Subminimum Wage Options

The Obama administration may be rethinking its decision to exclude many workers with disabilities from a plan requiring federal contractors to be paid at least $10.10 per hour. President Barack Obama said last week in his State of the Union address that he would issue an executive order mandating an increased minimum wage for companies doing business with the government. However, U.S. Secretary of Labor Tom Perez told disability advocates that federal contractors would still be allowed to employ individuals with disabilities at less than the federal minimum. Now the administration appears to be reconsidering. To read more,click here

Feds Clarify How To Apply For Autism Tracking Devices

A week after announcing that the federal government will pay for tracking devices for kids with autism, officials are offering more details about how families can access the technology. Police departments nationwide will be able to make the tracking devices available to children in their communities who are at risk of wandering using money available through the Justice Department's Byrne grant program, officials at the federal agency said. Byrne is an existing program that law enforcement agencies routinely tap to pay for everything from crime prevention programs to officer training and equipment like police radios and lights for emergency vehicles. To read more,click here

Brains of Individuals with Autism Create More Information at Rest, Study Shows

New research from Case Western Reserve University and University of Toronto neuroscientists finds that the brains of autistic children generate more information at rest -- a 42% increase on average. The study offers a scientific explanation for the most typical characteristic of autism -- withdrawal into one's own inner world. The excess production of information may explain a child's detachment from their environment.Published at the end of December in Frontiers in Neuroinformatics, this study is a follow-up to the authors' prior finding that brain connections are different in autistic children. This paper determined that the differences account for the increased complexity within their brains. To read more,click here

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Helping Young Adults with Neurodevelopmental Disabilities

In a study published today by the medical journal Pediatrics & Child Health, IRCM researchers address shortcomings in transitional care in the Canadian healthcare system. The team led by Eric Racine and Emily Bell, Montréal neuroethics experts, identified important challenges in the transition from pediatric to adult health care, especially among youth with neurodevelopmental disabilities (such as autism spectrum disorders, fetal alcohol spectrum disorders and cerebral palsy)."Health care transition is a crucial process in the lives of youth with neurodevelopmental disabilities and their parents," explains Dr. Racine, Director of the Neuroethics research unit at the IRCM. "Transition challenges are likely to be greater among these adolescents because of the complexity of their health care needs and the stigma associated with physical and intellectual disabilities that may accompany their disorders. Some individuals believe they were suddenly removed from pediatric care and thrust into a foreign system for which they had not been adequately prepared." To read more,click here

Common Colds During Pregnancy May Lead to Childhood Asthma

Women that are pregnant may want to take extra precaution around those that are sniffling and sneezing this winter. According to a new study published today, the more common colds and viral infections a woman has during pregnancy, the higher the risk her baby will have asthma.The study, published in the February issue of Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology, found a mother's infections and bacterial exposure during pregnancy affect the in utero environment, thus increasing a baby's risk of developing allergy and asthma in childhood. To read more,click here

Positive Feelings about Race, Ethnicity Tied to Stronger Development in Minority Youth

The more positively minority youth feel about their ethnicity or race, the fewer symptoms of depression and emotional and behavior problems they have. That's the conclusion of a new meta-analysis summarizing 46 existing studies.Published in the journal Child Development, the meta-analysis was conducted by researchers at Brown University, the University of Minnesota, Arizona State University, the University of Illinois at Chicago, and the University of Miami. The researchers also found that young people who had positive feelings about their racial or ethnic identity had better social interactions and self-esteem, did well in school, and had fewer problems with drugs or alcohol. To read more,click here

Violent Video Games Delay Development of Moral Judgment in Teens

Mirjana Bajovic of Brock University set out to discover whether there was a link between the types of video games teens played, how long they played them, and the teens' levels of moral reasoning: their ability to take the perspective of others into account.She quizzed a group of eighth-graders (aged 13-14) about their playing habits and patterns, as well as determined their stage of moral reasoning using an established scale of one to four. Blagovic's results, published in Educational Media International, indicate that there was a significant difference in sociomaturity levels between adolescents who played violent video games for one hour a day and those who played for three or more. To read more,click here

State Becomes First To Outsource Disability Services

Life has been stacked against Heather Osipik from the start. Born two months early weighing just 3 pounds, Osipik has battled mental disability, deafness, cerebral palsy and limited eyesight. After suffering a brain hemorrhage at 2 weeks, doctors thought her life - if she even survived - would be spent curled in a fetal position sustained with tubes. Osipik defied the doctors. She is now 32. She lives in an Overland Park, Kan. group home with two other women with developmental disabilities.She has a steady longtime boyfriend. She holds down a job piecing together medical kits. But now Osipik's family is worried that she is battling the odds again with KanCare, Kansas Republican Gov. Sam Brownback's signature managed health care program for Medicaid consumers. To read more,click here

Jobs Report Finds More With Disabilities Unemployed

The jobless rate for Americans with disabilities trended sharply upward for the first month of 2014, the U.S. Department of Labor said Friday. Unemployment rose to 13.3 percent in January for people with disabilities. That's up from 11.9 percent the previous month. Not only were fewer people employed, but government data suggests that more people with disabilities dropped out of the labor force in January, giving up on applying for work entirely. Meanwhile, the unemployment rate for the general population fell just slightly to 6.6 percent as 113,000 jobs were added to the economy during the first month of the year. To read more,click here

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Scientists Generate Insulin-Producing Cells in Diabetic Mice

In a potential breakthrough for the treatment of type 1 diabetes, researchers have successfully turned mouse skin cells into insulin-producing beta cells. And when those cells were transplanted into a few dozen diabetic mice, their blood sugar levels returned almost to normal, the scientists found. What's more, they noted, the technique used to transform these cells is safer than other methods that have been used to transform one type of cell into another. To read more,click here

Brain Study Explores 'Inner World' of Autism

A small new study suggests that the brains of children with autism churn busily when they seem to be not doing anything -- potentially explaining why people with autism often seem lost in their own inner worlds. The findings don't definitively link greater activity in the brain to one of the hallmarks of autism. Still, the research offers "another way to look at the brain dynamics in the brains of people with autism," said study lead author Jose Perez Velazquez, a senior scientist with Toronto's Hospital for Sick Children. "These kinds of studies can inform us about what parts of the brain may not be operating at the level they should be operating." To read more,click here

Eye Condition in Preemies Hints at Risk for Later Disabilities

Premature infants who develop an eye condition that can threaten their vision are three to four times more likely to have other serious health problems by the age of 5, a new study found. The finding suggests that doctors be on the lookout for future problems once they diagnose severe retinopathy of prematurity, which is caused by exposure to high levels of oxygen when the infant is in the neonatal intensive care unit. "This study reminds people that children who have severe retinopathy still have other risks," said Dr. Mark Fromer, an ophthalmologist at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City who was not involved in the study. To read more,click here

jobsNASET's Latest Job Listings

* Special Education Teacher - The primary responsibility of the Special Education Teacher (RSP) is to provide instruction and other related services to Special Education students. The RSP Teacher will also facilitate diagnostic assessment including administration, scoring and interpretation. To learn more -Click here


* SEN Specialist - Teachers required for American, British and Indian curriculum Private schools in Abu Dhabi and Dubai in the UAE. Ability to teach any of the above curriculums and excellent English a must. To learn more-Click here


* Principal Executive/Manager H- The Oregon Department of Human Services is recruiting for a Principal Executive/Manager H (Developmental Disabilities Program Director) position located in Salem, OR.  position provides an exciting and challenging opportunity. To learn more - Click here


* Special Education Senior Leader - Well established education management company seeks senior leader with a strong background and experience in special education programming, law, and fiscal oversight. To learn more- Click here


* STEM Teacher - We are looking for highly motivated and skilled talent to join our team at the District of Columbia Public Schools (DCPS). We seek individuals who are passionate about transforming and improving educational outcomes for our students. To learn more - Click here

Food For Thought..........

When people talk, listen completely. Most people never listen.
Ernest Hemingway

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