New This Week on NASET
Parent Teacher Conference
What Makes a Good Special Ed Classroom?
Sometimes parents will wonder what constitutes a good special education classroom. Instead of having parents fill in the blanks, we are presenting you with an outline of what factors are considered to be included in a good special education classroom. This interview , held with several experts including the two executive directors ofNASETwill provide parents with a good solution to this question.
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Autism Spectrum Disorder Series
Examples of Social Stories
According to Carol Gray (2014), a Social Story™ describes a situation, skill, or concept in terms of relevant social cues, perspectives, and common responses in a specifically defined style and format. The goal of a Social Story™ is to share accurate social information in a patient and reassuring manner that is easily understood by its audience. Half of all Social Stories™ developed should affirm something that an individual does well. Although the goal of a Story™ should never be to change the individual's behavior, that individual's improved understanding of events and expectations may lead to more effective responses. This issue ofNASET'sAutism Spectrum Disorderseries will present model examples of social stories. NASET thanks the Bakersfield City School District of California for their permission to use these Social Stories for this month's series.
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SeeNASET'sLatest Job Listings
Doctors Urge Meningitis Shots for Vulnerable Infants, Children
Infants and children who are at risk of contracting meningitis because of specific health problems should be vaccinated against the infection, according to updated recommendations from the largest pediatrician group in the United States. And routine vaccinations for the potentially deadly infection should continue for adolescents and college students, the American Academy of Pediatrics says. In its first statement on meningococcal vaccines since 2011, the academy notes that three such vaccines are now licensed for use down into infancy. They are deemed appropriate for youngsters age 2 months and older with immune deficiencies, missing spleens, sickle cell disease or other higher infection risks. Other young children don't need the shots, the guidelines say. To read more,click here
NASET Sponsor - Purdue University
Supreme Court Asked To Clarify Schools' IDEA Obligations
The nation's school district leaders are asking the U.S. Supreme Court to weigh in on who should pay for a child's private school tuition while special education disputes are litigated. Currently, school districts are responsible under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act's "stay-put" provision for paying for a student to remain in their existing educational placement while parents and schools sort out disputes related to the child's special education services. Now, however, the National Association of State Directors of Special Education, the National School Boards Association and the Pennsylvania School Boards Association say that schools should be relieved of the responsibility to foot the bill for private school placements once a court finds in a district's favor. To read more,click here
Even Thinking an Odor is Harmful May Spur Asthma Symptoms
For patients with asthma, just believing an odor is potentially harmful is enough to trigger airway inflammation for at least 24 hours, a new study indicates. "It's not just what you smell, but also what you think you smell," study author Cristina Jaen, a physiologist at Monell Chemical Senses Center in Philadelphia, said in a Monell news release. "Asthmatics often are anxious about scents and fragrances. When we expect that an odor is harmful, our bodies react as if that odor is indeed harmful," Jaen explained. "Both patients and care providers need to understand how expectations about odors can influence symptoms of the disease." To read more,click here
NASET Sponsor - Bryant
Early Stem Cell Transplant Vital in 'Bubble Boy' Disease
Babies born with so-called "bubble boy" disease can often be cured with a stem cell transplant, regardless of the donor -- but early treatment is critical, a new study finds. Severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID), as the condition is medically known, actually refers to a group of rare genetic disorders that all but eliminate the immune system. That leaves children at high risk of severe infections. The term "bubble boy" became popular after a Texas boy with SCID lived in a plastic bubble to ward off infections. The boy, David Vetter, died in 1984 at the age of 12, after an unsuccessful bone marrow transplant -- an attempt to give him a functioning immune system. To read more,click here
Summer Can be Time to Address Behavior Problems
Summertime is a time for sun and fun, but with kids spending more time at home, it could also be a time of whining and bickering.After weeks of the kids being out of school, some parents have had enough of their behavior and are counting the days until they go back. Some may also be wondering how much of the defiant behavior is normal and when it's time to seek help. According to Daniel Waschbusch, Ph.D., Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute and professor, Penn State College of Medicine, defiance includes a child saying 'no' to a request, sitting and doing nothing when the child is expected to do something, and continuing a behavior that the child has been asked to stop. To read more,click here
NASET Sponsor - University of Cincinnati
Inflexibility May Be Hardwired In Those With Autism
Kids with autism have less flexible brains, researchers say in a new study that may help explain why switching from rest to a task can be particularly difficult for those on the spectrum. Brain scans of children with autism indicate that there's little difference in how key networks connect no matter if they're at rest or engaged in an activity, according to findings published this week in the journal Cerebral Cortex. In contrast, typically-developing children display a more significant shift in brain connections when they take on new tasks. For the study, researchers used functional magnetic resonance imaging, or fMRI, to observe brain activity in 34 kids with autism and 34 without. Each child was monitored at rest and while performing two tasks - solving a simple math problem and looking at pictures of different faces. To read more,click here
NASET Sponsor - SJU
TRIVIA QUESTION OF THE WEEK
Guess the answer to this week's trivia question and we'll recognize you in next week's Week in Review.
Congratulations to: Deveri Hurtado, Karen Clark, Pamela Downing-Hosten, Mike Namian, Olumide Akerele and Kerry Drossos who all knew the answer to last week's trivia question: According to the latest research on learning disabilities, adults with which type of learning disability are more likely to report that they were physically abused as children or teenagers than those who don't have this type of learning disability.
THIS WEEK'S TRIVIA QUESTION:
Fill in the blank: According to the latest research in the field from Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, women who are obese during pregnancy may be more likely to have children with ______ than normal-weight mothers. Compared with children born from mothers of normal weight, those whose mothers were overweight or obese during pregnancy had up to 20 to 30 percent higher odds of having this health impairment.
If you know the answer, send an email email@example.com
All answers must be submitted no later than Monday, August 11, 2014 at 12:00 p.m.
Background TV Can be Bad for Kids
Leaving the television on can be detrimental to children's learning and development, according to a new study. Researchers found that background television can divert a child's attention from play and learning. Regardless of family demographics, parenting can act as a buffer against the impacts of background TV, the research team found. To read more,click here
Cell Therapy for Multiple Sclerosis Patients: Closer than Ever?
Scientists at The New York Stem Cell Foundation (NYSCF) Research Institute are one step closer to creating a viable cell replacement therapy for multiple sclerosis from a patient's own cells. For the first time, NYSCF scientists generated induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells lines from skin samples of patients with primary progressive multiple sclerosis and further, they developed an accelerated protocol to induce these stem cells into becoming oligodendrocytes, the myelin-forming cells of the central nervous system implicated in multiple sclerosis and many other diseases. Existing protocols for producing oligodendrocytes had taken almost half a year to produce, limiting the ability of researchers to conduct their research. This study has cut that time approximately in half, making the ability to utilize these cells in research much more feasible. To read more,click here
Many Depressed Preschoolers Still Suffer in Later School Years
Children diagnosed with depression as preschoolers are likely to suffer from depression as school-age children and young adolescents, new research shows. The investigators followed 246 children, now ages 9 to 12, who were enrolled in the study as preschoolers when they were 3 to 5 years old. The children and their primary caregivers participated in up to six annual and four semiannual assessments. They were screened using a tool called the Preschool Feelings Checklist and evaluated using an age-appropriate diagnostic interview.To read more,click here
In First, State Adopts Updated 'Handicapped' Symbol
A revamped version of the blue and white icon that's long symbolized accessibility everywhere from parking lots to restrooms will soon be commonplace in more communities. Under a bill signed late last week, New York will be come the first state to require all new and replacement signage used to signify accessibility for people with disabilities to include a more active, in-motion image of a person using a wheelchair. The state will also change the terminology on such signs, employing the word "accessible" instead of "handicapped." The shift is about more than aesthetics, New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo said in signing the legislation. To read more,click here
NASET Sponsor - Boardmaker Online
Electronic Screening Tool to Triage Teenagers and Risk of Substance Misuse
An electronic screening tool that starts with a single question to assess the frequency of substance misuse appears to be an easy way to screen teenagers who visited a physician for routine medical care.Substance use can cause illness and death in adolescents. Screening adolescents and intervening if there is substance use can reduce the burden of addiction. The American Academy of Pediatrics and other professional organizations recommend that primary care physicians screen adolescents for substance use. The authors examined use of an electronic screening and assessment tool to triage adolescents into four categories regarding nontobacco substance use: no past-year alcohol or drug use, past-year use with a substance use disorder (SUD), mild or moderate SUD and severe SUD. The tool also can assess tobacco use. The study included 216 adolescent patients (ages 12 to 17 years) from outpatient centers at a pediatric hospital who completed the screening from June 2012 through March 2013. The screening started with a single question that assessed the frequency of past-year use in eight categories of substances, including alcohol, marijuana, cocaine and prescription drugs. Patients who reported use were asked additional questions. To read more,click here
NASET MEMBER'S BENEFIT -
Group Savings Plus from Liberty Mutual
As a member ofNASETyou qualify for a special group discount* on your auto, home, and renter's insurance through Group Savings Plus® from Liberty Mutual. This unique program allows you to purchase high-quality auto, home and renters insurance at low group rates.
See for yourself how much money you could save with Liberty Mutual compared to your current insurance provider. For a free, no-obligation quote, call 800-524-9400800-524-9400 or visitwww.libertymutual.com/naset,or visit your local sales office.
*Group discounts, other discounts, and credits are available where state laws and regulations allow, and may vary by state. Certain discounts apply to specific coverage only. To the extent permitted by law, applicants are individually underwritten; not all applicants may qualify. Coverage provided and underwritten by Liberty Mutual Insurance Company and its affiliates, 175 Berkeley Street, Boston, MA.
'Love Hormone' Oxytocin May Help Some With Autism
Treating certain adult autism patients with just a single dose of the hormone oxytocin quickly improved their ability to judge facial expressions and emotions, Japanese researchers report. Known as the "love hormone," oxytocin has been shown to play a role in emotional bonding between lovers, and between mothers and their children. In this study, it boosted underperforming neural activity in a key area of the brain that has long been associated with the processing of both empathy and emotion recognition. To read more,click here
Runner With Autism Vies For Magazine Cover
Alex Schneider has pulled away from the pack. The 24-year-old Great Neck, N.Y. resident who is competing for the cover of Runner's World has earned a spot on the leaderboard. Schneider is one of the roughly 1,700 runners vying to be on the cover of the national magazine's December 2014 issue, and as of midday Tuesday, online voters had put him in the 8th place, with more than 3,800 votes. "It's been crazy," said Schneider's mother, Robyn. "He keeps inching up and inching up." Robyn Schneider said many of the votes being cast for her son are coming from the autism community. Alex Schneider and his twin brother, Jamie, both have autism and are nonverbal. To read more,click here
NASET MEMBER'S BENEFIT -
Board Certification in Special Education Available to NASET Members
Through an agreement with The American Academy of Special Education Professionals(AASEP), NASET members now have the opportunity to achieve AASEP Board Certification in Special Education - (B.C.S.E.) at a reduced fee. AASEP Board Certification in Special Education - (B.C.S.E.) is a voluntary choice on the part of the candidate. The candidate for Board Certification wishes to demonstrate a commitment to excellence to employers, peers, administrators, other professionals, and parents. From the standpoint of the Academy, board certification will demonstrate the highest professional competency in the area of special education. Board Certification in Special Educationestablishes a much needed standard for professionals, across disciplines, who work with exceptional children.
For more information on Board Certification in Special Education,click here
New Drugs to Combat Asthma, Similar Illnesses
Science and industry are collaborating to develop future pharmaceuticals for treating chronic inflammatory diseases. The medicines will combat immunological processes that have gone wrong. Statistics indicate that there are 300 million asthma sufferers worldwide, a further 600 million people living with chronic pneumonia and up to 30% of the global population contending with allergic rhinitis (allergic inflammation of the nasal airways).To read more,click here
Inclusive Classrooms Provide Language Boost, Study Finds
For young children with disabilities, the key to mastering language may be surrounding them with their typically-developing peers, researchers say. Over the course of just one school year, a new study finds that preschoolers with disabilities who attended mainstream classes with highly-skilled peers were using language on par with their classmates without disabilities. By comparison, kids with special needs who were surrounded by children with weak language skills remained far behind their typically-developing peers at the end of the school year. To read more,click here
Computerized ADHD Testing
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a common childhood condition characterized by more than normal difficulty with focus, behavior control, impulsivity and hyperactivity. It affects nine percent of children younger than 18 and about approximately four percent of American adults, according to the National Institute of Mental Health. Boys are four times more likely to be diagnosed with the condition as girls but after adolescence, males and females are diagnosed in equal numbers. Some kids grow out of it, and some never do. Arti Lal, MD, a pediatrician who specializes in treating patients at the ADHD Clinic at Scott & White in North Austin, is currently utilizing a new technology on patients which is called the Quotient® ADHD Test. It is FDA-cleared for the objective measurement of hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattention, as an aid in the assessment of ADHD. The test measures motion and analyzes shifts in attention state to give an assessment of the core symptom areas of ADHD: * Hyperactivity * Impulsivity * Inattention "Since ADHD shares traits with other mental health conditions, it can be difficult to diagnose. So, a thorough assessment by a trained professional is critical. The test is a more objective test than previous methods of diagnosis and will serve as an additional tool for us as clinicians," Dr. Lal said. "Testing can be done from age six to 55 years."To read more,click here
Honor Society for Special Education Teachers
Different Areas of Brain Affected in Autism, Sensory Disorders
Although the vast majority of kids with autism have abnormal sensory behaviors, their brains are still wired very differently from children who have trouble processing sensory stimuli, researchers report. Children with sensory processing disorders (SPD) can be overly sensitive to sound, sight and touch. They can also have poor motor skills and show a lack of concentration. Complicating matters, some kids with SPD have more severe symptoms than others. Some have trouble tolerating loud noises, like a vacuum. Others can't hold a pencil or control their emotions. Symptoms can also vary from one day to the next. This had led to a debate about whether SPD should be considered a separate disorder, the researchers pointed out. To read more,click here