New This Week on NASET
Assessment in Special Education Series
Part 14: May 2013
Accommodations in Assessment
Recognizing that disability has its impact, IDEA permits children with disabilities to participate in large-scale assessment programs with accommodations. IDEA requires that students with disabilities take part in state or districtwide assessments. These are tests that are periodically given to all students to measure achievement. It is one way that schools determine how well and how much students are learning. Written by the National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities, this issue of NASET's Assessment in Special Education series will focus on accommodations in assessment when students with disabilities take part in state or districtwide assessments
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Lesser Known Disorders in Special Education
Each issue of this series contains at least three lesser known disorders. Some of these disorders may contain subtypes which will also be presented. You will also notice that each disorder has a code. These codes represent the coding system for all disabilities and disorders listed in the Educator's Diagnostic Manual (EDM) Wiley Publications.
- OHI 6.00-Angleman Syndrome
- OHI 10.03-von Willebrand Disease
- OHI 11.05a-Burkitt's lymphoma
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Obama Administration Looks To Improve Transition Outcomes
In an effort to identify better strategies to help young people with disabilities transition from school to work, a handful of federal agencies are seeking public input. Starting Monday, the U.S. Departments of Labor, Education and Health and Human Services as well as the Social Security Administration are kicking off a two-week so-called online dialogue. The agencies are asking policymakers, educators, service providers, families and youth with disabilities themselves to share their thoughts through a Web interface on how to improve transition outcomes. To read more, click here
Did You Know That....
Transition services are intended to prepare students to move from the world of school to the world of adulthood.
Watch Out, Bullies: She's Got the Band Behind Her
A few weeks ago, Emmanuela Kolman brought home her middle-school report card. She got an A in band, and her parents couldn't be prouder. Any parent would be pleased by an A. But for 13-year-old Emmanuela, who goes by Mano, that A in band is a symbol. It represents eight months of hard work, a collection of new skills, and, most importantly, a complete turnaround in Mano's social and academic life. Mano has high-functioning autism. That means she walks and talks a little differently than other kids, her parents say, and she's "painfully aware" of these differences. Some students at her Staunton, Virginia, middle school treat her "as someone who is not very cool," said her father, Barry. To read more, click here
Traumatized Moms Avoid Tough Talks With Kids
Mothers who have experienced childhood abuse, neglect or other traumatic experiences show an unwillingness to talk with their children about the child's emotional experiences, a new study from the University of Notre Dame shows. According to the study, which was presented at the Society for Research in Child Development 2013 Biennial Meeting in Seattle, a sample of low-income mothers who had experienced their own childhood traumas exhibited ongoing "traumatic avoidance symptoms," which is characterized by an unwillingness to address thoughts, emotions, sensations or memories of those traumas. This avoidance interfered with mothers' ability to talk with their children about the child's emotions, leading to shorter, less in-depth conversations; those mothers also used closed-end questions that did not encourage child participation. To read more, click here
Honor Society for Special Education Teachers
Cuts to Conn. Disabilities Programs Raise Concerns
Connecticut parents, clients and advocates for people with disabilities warned Tuesday that nearly $40 million in proposed cuts to state services for individuals with developmental disabilities will disrupt people's lives. The vast majority of the proposed cuts stem from the continuation of Gov. Dannel P. Malloy's budget reductions, originally included in a December deficit-cutting plan. Appearing at a forum held at the state Capitol, Joseph Duffy of Wethersfield said his 28-year-old daughter Katie would be ''in dire straits'' if the cuts put an end to her supported employment at Cigna, where she ''works a real job for real pay.''To read more, click here
Feds To Move Away From DSM
Just weeks before a new version of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders is scheduled for release, the head of the National Institute of Mental Health says it's time to change how mental conditions are categorized. The agency will be redirecting its research focus away from the symptom-based diagnostic criteria of the DSM toward more scientifically verifiable standards, the mental health agency's director, Thomas Insel, wrote in a recent blog post. By shifting away from thinking about mental disorders as they are currently classified in the DSM, Insel says researchers will be able to establish a new diagnostic system based on emerging science. To read more, click here
Nearly 20 Percent of Suicidal Youths Have Guns in Their Home
Nearly one in five children and teens found to be at risk for suicide report that there are guns in their homes, and 15 percent of those at risk for suicide with guns in the home know how to access both the guns and the bullets, according to a study to be presented Monday, May 6, at the Pediatric Academic Societies (PAS) annual meeting in Washington, DC. Suicide is the second leading cause of death among young people ages 10 to 24 years in the United States, according to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention data. Nearly half of youths who die by suicide use a firearm. To read more, click here
Did You Know That....
IDEIA requires that transition planning start by the time the student reaches age 16.
Pregnancy Adds Challenge for Teens Treated for Drug Abuse, Report Says
Half of pregnant teens in substance-abuse treatment programs used alcohol or drugs in the month before they entered treatment. And nearly 20 percent used drugs or alcohol on a daily basis during that month, according to a U.S. government report. Among females aged 12 to 19 who weren't pregnant entering treatment, those rates were about 71 percent and 24 percent, respectively, the study from the U.S. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) found. The most commonly used substance among female teens in these treatment programs was marijuana (73 percent of pregnant teens and 70 percent of other girls). But pregnant teens were twice as likely to use methamphetamines and amphetamines than other female teens -- about 17 percent versus 8 percent -- the investigators noted. To read more,click here
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TRIVIA QUESTION OF THE WEEK
Guess the answer to this week's trivia question and we'll recognize you in next week's Week in Review.
Yvonne Harris, Olumide Akerele, Prahbhjot Malhi, Beverly Taylor, Adora Callas, Jugraj Kaur, Lois Nembhard, Ope-Oluwa Olubela, Chaya Tabor, Edward T. Adams, Sue Brooks, Pamela R. Downing-Hosten, Coryn Villanti, Cherie Emmons, Kathleen George, Marilyn Haile and Mike Namian
who all knew the answer to last week's trivia question:
Depending on the research source reviewed, William House, Adam Kissiah, and Graeme Clark have all been credited for being the first to create what medical piece of technology? ANSWER: The Cochlear Implant
THIS WEEK'S TRIVIA QUESTION:
Two new studies add to the growing evidence that spending time outdoors may help prevent or minimize a certain type of visual impairment in children. A recent study conducted in Taiwan found that when children were required to spend recess time outdoors, their risk of what type of visual impairment was reduced?
If you know the answer, send an email to email@example.com
All answers must be submitted no later than Monday, May 20, 2013 at 12:00 p.m.
Bacteria in Baby's Belly May Influence Growth, Study Says
Infants' early growth is influenced by the types of bacteria in their digestive system, a new study says. A variety of bacteria quickly populate the sterile digestive tract of a newborn. Norwegian researchers identified connections between specific types of bacteria and infant growth rates. For their study, published May 9 in the journal PLoS Computational Biology, the researchers examined stool samples from 218 babies and developed a method to identify specific points in time when the presence of certain bacteria is associated with growth. To read more, click here
Flame Retardants, Used in Everyday Products, May Be Toxic to Children: Lower Intelligence, Hyperactivity Seen
Chemicals called polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) have been used for decades to reduce fires in everyday products such as baby strollers, carpeting and electronics. A new study to be presented on Monday, May 6, at the Pediatric Academic Societies (PAS) annual meeting shows that prenatal exposure to the flame retardants is associated with lower intelligence and hyperactivity in early childhood. "In animal studies, PBDEs can disrupt thyroid hormone and cause hyperactivity and learning problems," said lead author Aimin Chen, MD, PhD, assistant professor in the Department of Environmental Health at University of Cincinnati College of Medicine. "Our study adds to several other human studies to highlight the need to reduce exposure to PBDEs in pregnant women." To read more, click here
NASET MEMBER'S BENEFIT -
Board Certification in Special Education Available to NASET Members
Through an agreement with The American Academy of Special Education Professionals(AASEP), NASET members now have the opportunity to achieve AASEP Board Certification in Special Education - (B.C.S.E.) at a reduced fee. AASEP Board Certification in Special Education - (B.C.S.E.) is a voluntary choice on the part of the candidate. The candidate for Board Certification wishes to demonstrate a commitment to excellence to employers, peers, administrators, other professionals, and parents. From the standpoint of the Academy, board certification will demonstrate the highest professional competency in the area of special education. Board Certification in Special Educationestablishes a much needed standard for professionals, across disciplines, who work with exceptional children.
For more information on Board Certification in Special Education, click here
Study Sees Link Between Mom's Flu, Bipolar Risk for Children
Women who come down with the flu during pregnancy may be at increased risk of having a child who develops bipolar disorder, a new study suggests. The chance of a child eventually developing the mental health disorder was nearly four times higher when comparing mothers-to-be who had the flu to those who didn't, the researchers reported. "We don't fully understand this," said study co-author Dr. Alan Brown. "The best guess is it's an inflammatory response. It could also be a result of fever," he noted. To read more, click here
For Pregnant Smokers, Vitamin C Might Help Babies' Lungs
Vitamin C may help prevent lung problems in babies born to mothers who smoke during pregnancy, according to a small new study. Pregnant women are advised not to smoke because it can harm the baby's lungs and lead to problems such as wheezing and asthma. But if a pregnant woman can't quit smoking, taking vitamin C may help protect their baby's lungs, researchers found. The study included 159 women who were less than 22 weeks pregnant and unable to quit smoking. They were randomly assigned to take either one 500-milligram capsule of vitamin C or a placebo each day for the remainder of their pregnancy. To read more, click here
NASET MEMBER'S BENEFIT -
Group Savings Plus from Liberty Mutual
As a member of NASET you qualify for a special group discount* on your auto, home, and renter's insurance through Group Savings Plus® from Liberty Mutual. This unique program allows you to purchase high-quality auto, home and renters insurance at low group rates.
See for yourself how much money you could save with Liberty Mutual compared to your current insurance provider. For a free, no-obligation quote, call 800-524-9400 or visitwww.libertymutual.com/naset, or visit your local sales office.
*Group discounts, other discounts, and credits are available where state laws and regulations allow, and may vary by state. Certain discounts apply to specific coverage only. To the extent permitted by law, applicants are individually underwritten; not all applicants may qualify. Coverage provided and underwritten by Liberty Mutual Insurance Company and its affiliates, 175 Berkeley Street, Boston, MA.
Doctors Deviate From Guidelines When Treating ADHD in Preschoolers
In 2011, the American Academy of Pediatrics released guidelines on how doctors should treat preschoolers with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. The first step should be parent and/or teacher-administered behavioral therapy. If symptoms continue, the next step is medication with methylphenidate, better known under the brand names Ritalin or Concerta. But only about 10 percent of medical specialists responding to a survey on their treatment methods said that they followed those guidelines exactly. Many chose medication as a first-line treatment; others chose to prescribe different types of medication, or refused to prescribe drugs even when behavioral therapy was not showing success. To read more, click here
Oral Drops Can Give Kids Needle-Free Relief from Asthma, Allergies
Allergy shots are commonly used to treat children with severe environmental allergies and asthma, but under-the-tongue drops may offer yet another beneficial -- and stick-free -- option for pediatric allergy sufferers, according to a Johns Hopkins Children's Center review of existing scientific evidence. The new research comes on the heels of another recent Hopkins study, which showed that oral drops provide a safe and effective alternative for adult allergy sufferers.To read more, click here
'Hackathon' Yields Review Site For Autism-Friendly Businesses
People with disabilities and their families have long relied on word-of-mouth to find disability-friendly community businesses, but that recommendation system has been given a new twist after a "hackathon" sponsored by AT&T in partnership with the advocacy group Autism Speaks. Ryan Stevens, 25, and Cyrus Stoller, 24, both living in San Francisco, won $10,000 for creatingRevTilt, a review site that allows users to suggest businesses that accommodate people with autism. For example, a Chinese food restaurant gets high marks for always having the same order ready to go for a patron. A hair salon was praised for gently easing a five-year-old through a haircut. The hairdresser "showed him the razor and put the trimmer side against her hand. He did not flinch or anything! It went quick! I think it was the owner, he was walking around and offered water. Everyone was just so nice," the reviewer wrote. To read more, click here
Did You Know That....
A student must be invited to any IEP meeting where postsecondary goals and transition services needed to reach those goals will be considered.
Justice Dept. Warns Wisconsin Voucher Schools Against Discrimination
The U.S. Department of Justice said Wisconsin private schools that accept taxpayer-funded vouchers must not discriminate against students with disabilities in a newguidance letter. The Justice Department was prompted to investigate the situation in Wisconsin after acomplaint from the American Civil Liberties Union and other state groups that claimed that Milwaukee was essentially creating a system of segregated schools. The complaint said that 1.6 percent of the students using vouchers in Milwaukee were classified as having disabilities, compared with 20 percent of Milwaukee's public school students. The 22-year-old program is administered by the state and enrolls about 24,000 students who receive vouchers of approximately $6,400 a year. To read more, click here
People with Disabilities Face Gap in Higher Education Employment
Sandra Buchholz has had difficulty landing a job because she's deaf. Some employers wouldn't hire her because her deafness would make it hard to communicate, said Buchholz, who works as an American Sign Language instructor at the University of Minnesota. "I would say that there are a lot of deaf people out there who have a tough time getting a job because of their disability," she said through an interpreter. Nationwide, there's a large gap in the employment of people with mental or physical disabilities - the unemployment rate for people with disabilities is almost double the rate for those without, according to the U.S. Department of Labor. To read more, click here