Week in Review - March 30, 2018




National Association of Special Education Teachers

March 30, 2018                     Vol 14 Issue #13

Dear NASET News,

Welcome to NASET'sWEEK in REVIEW.  Here, we provide you with the latest publications fromNASET to read and or download, as well as some of the most interesting articles that have happened this week in the field of special education. We hope you enjoy this publication.  Feel free to send us articles for this publication or let us know your thoughts about the WEEK in REVIEW at news@naset.org. Have a great weekend.


NASET News Team
NEW THIS WEEK ON NASET Continuing Education
Professional DevelopmentCourse
FREE for Members only
Vocational Assessment and Training: A Guide for High School Educators - Crossing the threshold from the world of school to the world of work brings a significant change in everyone's life. School is an entitlement, meaning that it is an environment that our system of government supplies for all of our citizens. The workplace is the opposite; no one is entitled to a job.
One of the most important aspects of transition planning is the preparation of students for the world of work. Up to now, the focus has been on helping students fulfill the educational requirements for graduation from a secondary school. Now comes a very real and practical issue that can create many concerns. With the proper information and resources, this next phase of the transition process can also be very rewarding. Parents and educators must fully understand vocational options to help children make the best decisions for his or their future.
The purpose of this section is to give you a strong working knowledge of vocational assessments. After taking this NASET Professional Development Course, you should understand the following:
  • Overview of Vocational Assessments
  • Purpose of Vocational Assessments
  • Trends in Vocational Assessment
  • The Vocational Assessment Process
  • Informal and Formal Assessment
  • Levels of Vocational Assessment
  • Level I Vocational Assessment
  • Level II Vocational Assessment
  • Level III Vocational Assessment
  • Components of a Vocational Assessment
  • Other Assessment Options during the Vocational Transition Phase
  • Situational Vocational Assessment
  • Confidentiality
  • Specific Professionals Trained to Help Parents and Their Children Plan and Prepare for Employment
  • Skills Checklist
  • Division of Rehabilitation Services (DRS)
  • Services Provided by DRS Agencies
  • Rights and Responsibilities When Involved with DRS Services
  • Conflict Resolution Options with DRS
NASET Special Educator e Journal
Table of Contents
  • Special Education Legal Alert. By Perry A. Zirkel
  • Mental Burnout, Attrition and Administrative Support among Incoming Special Education Teachers: What Can be Done? William E. Woods
  • Book Review: The Moral Imperative of School Leadership. Erica Williams-Sanders
  • Cultural Influences to Collaboration between Special Education Teachers and Parents in Saudi Arabia. Manal Alsheef
  • Book Review: Effective Supervision: Supporting the Art and Science of Teaching. Amy Marie Combs
  • Literature Review: Action Research Plan for How Reader's Theater Can Improve Fluency in Reading. Melissa Bedasie-DeClaire
  • Book Review: Leadership: Key Competencies for Whole-system Change (How Education Leaders Can Develop Creative, Productive School Cultures). Melissa Bedasie-DeClaire
  • Information Brief--Everett Public Schools Preferred Provider School Counseling Model: Cost Savings with Increased Service to Students and Families. Michael R. Baldassarre, Ed.D.
  • Buzz from the Hub
  • Acknowledgments
To Access this e-Journal - Click Here
Effective Parenting Strategies to Reduce Disruptive Behavior in Children
Most parenting programs aim to teach parents how to reduce their children's disruptive behavior. New research looked at more than 150 studies of these programs, finding differences in what works best according to whether or not children already showed behavior problems. The work was conducted by researchers at the University of Amsterdam, Cardiff University, University of Oxford, and Utrecht University. It appears in the journal Child Development, a publication of the Society for Research in Child Development. "We found that when severely disruptive behavior had already emerged in children, a combination of teaching parents how to manage behavior along with relationship-building strategies was more effective than just teaching parents how to manage behavior," explains Patty Leijten, assistant professor of child development at the University of Amsterdam, who led the study. "However, when disruptive behavior had not yet emerged as a problem, teaching parents both strategies was not more helpful than teaching behavior-management strategies alone." Read More

How to Help Gifted Children Deal with Hypersensitivity
Gifted children can be challenging and exhausting: unable to handle frustration, finding it difficult to accept boundaries, talking endlessly, negotiating the slightest rule or order ... However, according to Jeanne Siaud-Facchin, a psychologist who is a specialist in gifted children, creating boundaries and setting limits is a vital necessity for their emotional development, and the only way to avoid the creation of permanent and escalating conflicts. How should we respond to these tantrums due to a child's heightened emotional state? We've spoken to some experienced moms who share what to do to calm and reassure our sensitive children. Of course, not all gifted children are difficult; some are more docile and compliant. However, in many cases their extreme sensitivity can lead them to react to the slightest emotional change in their environment. This can result in violent and excessive emotional reactions. Read More
How Fashion Brands Can-and Should-Address Shoppers with Disabilities
If you've ever struggled to button your pants, you know it can be frustrating. Now imagine spending 30 minutes trying-and ultimately failing. That's me most days. (And yes, I let the F-bombs fly.) I'm not buying a size too small; I have cerebral palsy, a neurological disorder that limits my range of motion and ability to grasp objects on my right side. When it comes to getting dressed, trouble with pants is just the beginning. I have a tough time getting shirts and dresses over my head and my arms through sleeves. I don't do well with button-up blouses, since the buttons are usually on the left. Jackets, particularly ones that zip, are also a challenge. I often end up asking whomever I'm with for help-not fun when you're 26. Read More
Don't Blame Adolescent Social Behavior on Hormones
Reproductive hormones that develop during puberty are not responsible for changes in social behavior that occur during adolescence, according to the results of a newly published study by a University at Buffalo researcher. "Changes in social behavior during adolescence appear to be independent of pubertal hormones. They are not triggered by puberty, so we can't blame the hormones," says Matthew Paul, an assistant professor in UB's Department of Psychology and lead author of the groundbreaking paper recently published in the journal Current Biology. Disentangling the adolescent changes that are triggered by puberty from those unrelated to puberty is difficult because puberty and adolescence occur simultaneously, but Paul and his collaborators have found a way to tease out the two using a seasonal-breeding animal model. Read More
Pregnant Women and New Moms Still Hesitant to Introduce Peanut Products
In January 2017 guidelines were released urging parents to begin early introduction of peanut-containing foods to reduce the risk of peanut allergy. A new study shows those who are aware of the guidelines are still hesitant to put them into place and not everyone has heard of them. The study, published in Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology, the scientific journal of the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology (ACAAI) surveyed 1,000 pregnant women and 1,000 new moms. Respondents were asked about their willingness to try early peanut introduction to prevent peanut allergies and their familiarity with the guidelines. "Since early peanut introduction is a relatively new idea, we were not surprised to find that more than half (53 percent) of those surveyed said following the guidelines was of no or limited importance," said allergist Matthew Greenhawt, MD, MBA, MSc, chair of the ACAAI Food Allergy Committee and lead author. "We saw that overall, 61 percent of respondents had no or minimal concern about their child developing a food allergy, and only 31 percent of respondents were willing to introduce peanut-containing foods before or around 6 months." Read More
Board Certification in Special Education Available to NASET Members
Through an agreement with The American Academy of Special Education Professionals(AASEP), NASET members now have the opportunity to achieve AASEP Board Certification in Special Education - (B.C.S.E.) at a reduced fee. AASEP Board Certification in Special Education - (B.C.S.E.) is a voluntary choice on the part of the candidate. The candidate for Board Certification wishes to demonstrate a commitment to excellence to employers, peers, administrators, other professionals, and parents. From the standpoint of the Academy, board certification will demonstrate the highest professional competency in the area of special education. Board Certification in Special Educationestablishes a much needed standard for professionals, across disciplines, who work with exceptional children.Read More

Congratulations to: Kariel Beckford, Barbara Smithers, Christine Telford, Denise Bosse, Yvonne Harris, Aurtea Flesher, Rachel Hornbarger, Darlene Desbrow, Patsy Ray, Laurine Kennedy, Jessica Gaspar, Denise Keeling, Melody Owens, Cindi Maurice, Olumide Akerele, Diane Campbell-Mitchell, and Sharon Johnson-Hiltz who all knew the answer to last week's trivia question.

According to Steven Spielberg, only a generation of readers will spawn a generation of _____.
This week's question:  According to the latest data from School Crime Supplement to the National Crime Victimization Survey, which is published every other year and looks at changes in reports of bullying and being called hate-related words at school among 12- to 18-year-olds, has the percentage of students reporting that they've been bullied increased, decreased or remained the same in the past 10 years (since 2007)?
If you know the answer, email us at contactus@naset.org by April 3, 2018.  We will acknowledge your correct answer in the next edition of the Week in Review

Quintupling Inhaler Medication May Not Prevent Asthma Attacks in Children
Children with mild to moderate asthma do not benefit from a common practice of increasing their inhaled steroids at the first signs of an asthma exacerbation, according to clinical trial results published in The New England Journal of Medicine. Researchers found short-term increases in inhaled steroids did not prevent attacks in children aged 5 to 11, and may even slow a child's growth. For one year, researchers measured benefits of quintupling inhaled steroid doses during the earliest signs of an asthma attack. This period -- known as the "yellow zone" -- is when wheezing, coughing, and shortness of breath first appear. "Increasing the dose of inhaled steroids at early signs of asthma worsening along with using quick relief medicines to relieve symptoms is a common practice," says study author Kristie Ross, MD, assistant professor of pediatrics at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine and clinical director of pediatric pulmonology, allergy and immunology at UH Rainbow Babies & Children's Hospital. "Our study shows that this is no more effective at preventing progression to more serious asthma exacerbations than the use of quick relief medicines alone, such as albuterol inhalers." Read More
In Children with Obesity, Impulsivity May be Linked with Greater Weight Loss when Treated
Children with obesity may be more impulsive than those with normal weight, but during family-based behavioral treatment (FBT), the more impulsive of children with obesity may lose more weight, a new study suggests. The results of the study will be presented in a poster on Sunday, March 18, at ENDO 2018, the 100th annual meeting of the Endocrine Society in Chicago, Ill. FBT aims to change parent and child behaviors and is currently the recommended intervention for children with obesity. "Our novel results indicate that impulsivity may be a risk factor for uncontrolled eating and excessive weight gain," said lead study author Christian L. Roth, M.D., professor of pediatrics at the Seattle Children's Research Institute in Washington. "Children who rated high in impulsivity had higher body mass index (BMI) measures and greater body fat mass compared to those who rated lower in impulsivity." Read More
Suicide Risk for Youth Sharply Higher in the Months After Self-Harm
A study led by Columbia University Irving Medical Center (CUIMC) revealed that young Americans had a sharply higher risk of suicide in the months after surviving a deliberate self-harm attempt. The authors say the findings, published online today in Pediatrics, underscore the need to direct clinical interventions toward youth who survive such attempts during this critical period. "Our latest study shows that time is of the essence in preventing a nonfatal self-harm event from leading to a fatality," said Mark Olfson, MD, MPH, professor of psychiatry at Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons and lead author of the study. "Although young adults compared to adolescents had a higher risk of suicide over the year after self-harm, adolescents had a particularly high risk during the first few weeks." Read More
Online Intervention Improves Depression Treatment Rates in Teen Moms
An online program persuaded teenage mothers across 10 Kentucky counties to seek medical help for depression, highlighting an inexpensive way to increase mental health treatment rates for the vulnerable group, according to a University of Louisville study. The website included videos of adolescent mothers describing their experiences with postpartum depression and treatment, questions and answers, and local and national resources, including referrals for counseling services and suicide and child-abuse prevention hotlines. Untreated postpartum depression hinders a mother's relationship with her child, her functioning at work and school, mothering skills and development. The condition also can harm a baby's development and attachment to the mother, said M. Cynthia Logsdon, Ph.D., W.H.N.P.-B.C., UofL School of Nursing professor and lead researcher of the study. Read More
Kids from Wealthier Families Feel More Control Over Their Lives
The higher a child's family income, the more likely he or she is to feel control over their life, according to a new Portland State University study. Building on previous research that has shown that kids who feel more control experience better academic, health and even occupational outcomes, the findings underscore how the kids who most need this psychological resource may be the least likely to experience it. The study by Dara Shifrer, a sociology professor in PSU's College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, was published online this month in the journal Society and Mental Health. It's titled, "The Contributions of Parental, Academic, School, and Peer Factors to Differences by Socioeconomic Status in Adolescents' Locus of Control." Using data from 16,450 U.S. eighth graders surveyed for the National Education Longitudinal Study in 1988 and 1990, Shifrer examined which measures of socioeconomic status -- parents' education, family income, race and parents' occupation -- have the greatest influence over a child's locus of control and why. Read More
Connection Between Drug, Alcohol Use and Infant Abdominal Malformation
Alcohol use early in the pregnancy by the mother may be a risk factor for a condition in which an infant's intestines develop outside the abdomen, according to a study published in the Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine. Loyola Medicine maternal-fetal medicine physician Jean Ricci Goodman, MD, medical director of obstetrical services, was first author of the study. The national study was conducted with patients who were referred to a university-based tertiary level obstetric clinic for a routine mid-pregnancy ultrasound. The aim was to evaluate the impact of poor maternal nutrition, environmental exposure and vasoactive stimulants (drugs that can either raise or lower blood pressure) as potential risk factors for gastroschisis, a condition in which a baby's intestines form outside the abdomen through a hole next to the belly button. Read More
Praise May Motivate Young Adults with Autism to Exercise More
Simple statements of praise may have a big effect on the amount of exercise young adults with autism complete, according to preliminary research from the UNC Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute (FPG). The study also found that praising people with autism by pre-recorded messages through iPhones and iPods shows promise for producing more exercise. "As people with autism age, they tend to exercise less and less than their peers without autism," said FPG's Melissa N. Savage, who headed the study. "Previous studies have shown that individuals with autism are at special risk for health challenges like obesity, as well as for secondary conditions like depression and diabetes." Savage said that in addition to health benefits that regular physical activity carries for everyone, it also can be especially powerful for people with autism. Read More
State-by-State Causes of Infant Mortality in the U.S.
Sudden unexpected death of infants (SUDI) was the most common cause of infant mortality among children born full term in the U.S. according to estimates from a state-by-state study published this week in PLOS Medicine. The study, conducted by Neha Bairoliya of Harvard University and Gunther Fink of the Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, found that very low rates of SUDI -- which includes sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), accidental or abuse-related death, and sudden death from ill-defined causes -- have been achieved in a few states while rates remain high in most others. The results suggest potential for a major reduction in infant mortality through interventions to reduce SUDI risk. Read More

Amygdala Neurons Increase as Children Become Adults -- Except in Autism
In a striking new finding, researchers at the UC Davis MIND Institute found that typically-developing children gain more neurons in a region of the brain that governs social and emotional behavior, the amygdala, as they become adults. This phenomenon does not happen in people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Instead, children with ASD have too many neurons early on and then appear to lose those neurons as they become adults. The findings were published today in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS). The amygdala is a small almond-shaped group of 13 regions (nuclei) that work as a danger detector in the brain to regulate anxiety and social interactions. Amygdala dysfunction has been linked to many psychiatric and neurodevelopmental disorders, including ASD, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and depression. Read More
'Missing Mutation' Found in Severe Infant Epilepsy
Researchers have discovered a "missing mutation" in severe infant epilepsy -- long-suspected genetic changes that might trigger overactive, brain-damaging electrical signaling leading to seizures. They also found early indications that specific anti-seizure medications might prevent disabling brain injury by controlling epilepsy during a crucial period shortly after birth. "These are still early days, but we may be able to use this knowledge to protect the newborn brain and improve a child's long-term outcome," said study leader Ethan M. Goldberg, MD, PhD, a pediatric neurologist at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. Goldberg collaborated with European and American researchers in this neurogenetic study of early infantile epileptic encephalopathy, published online Feb. 21, 2018 in Annals of Neurology. Read More
We Start Caring About Our Reputations as Early as Kindergarten
Kindergarteners don't use social media, but they do care about their public image. Research suggests that by the time kids go to elementary school, they're thinking critically about their reputation. In a Review published on March 20 in the journal Trends in Cognitive Sciences, psychologists Ike Silver and Alex Shaw consider how our fascination with social status begins around age five, when kids begin to consider how they are viewed by others and behave in ways that cultivate positive reputations. "Psychologists have been long interested in how we construct our identities and the sorts of strategies that we use to present ourselves in society," says Alex Shaw, an assistant professor of developmental psychology at the University of Chicago. "We're finding that the kinds of complex and strategic self-presentation behavior we see in adults appear at a much younger age than previously known." Read More
Honor Society for Special Education Teachers

Attention Deficit Disorder, Autism Share Cognitive Problems
Children with autism have many of the cognitive difficulties seen in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a new study suggests. In particular, these children struggle with executive function - a set of mental skills that underlie planning, self-control, short-term memory and decision-making. The findings suggest that cognitive problems are an inherent part of autism and occur independently of other features of ADHD. They may reflect the genetic overlap between the two conditions. "Because they occur in both disorders independently, they may be associated with some kind of shared liability or shared genetic risk," says lead investigator Sarah Karalunas, assistant professor of psychiatry and behavioral neuroscience at Oregon Health and Science University in Portland. Read More
free IEP
Family Management Variables Predict Quality of Life in Children with Chronic Conditions
Family management variables, such as changes in parents' work life, are associated with quality of life measures in children with chronic conditions, according to research presented at the National Association of Pediatric Nurse Practitioners' 39th National Conference on Pediatric Health Care. Janet Gehring, PhD, CRNP, CPNP-PC, Assistant Clinical Professor at the Catholic University of America School of Nursing in Washington, DC, analyzed the predictive risk/protective aspects as well as family management values on quality of life (QOL) in children with special healthcare needs (CSHCN) with outcomes including emotional challenges, activity challenges, and missed school days (values were controlled for behavioral circumstances). Of the 40,242 child participants, a majority were male (60.2%), with the largest group of children ranging from ages 12 to 17 years (42.5%); 69.9% were white.  The 9 most common health conditions among the cohort were allergies (51.6%), asthma (39.7%), attention deficit disorder (ADD) or attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (1.9%), developmental delay (22.1%), anxiety (20.7%), conduct disorder or oppositional defiant disorder (14.0%), depression (13.9%), migraine headaches/frequent headaches (11.0%), and autism (10.0%). Read More

* Assistant Principal / BCBA - We are currently seeking a qualified and enthusiastic Assistant Principal / BCBA for our school in Sherman Oaks. This is an exciting hybrid role that will work directly with our current Assistant Principal, as well as serve as the BCBA. To learn more - Click here

* Special Education Teacher - Instruction demonstrates recognition of skill deficits and effective implementation of appropriate accommodations and supports to optimize student engagement.After thorough review of records, develop strong working knowledge of each student's learning challenges, from which IEP goals are formulated and appropriate instructional supports and materials are employed to facilitate progress. To learn more - Click here

* Early Intervention Teacher - Requires graduation from a four-year college or university with a bachelors and/or master's degree in early childhood special education, early childhood education, child and family studies, early intervention, deaf education, visual impairments, special education K-12, elementary education or communication disorders and speech language pathology. To learn more - Click here

* Early Childhood Special Educator - Sterling Medical has an opening for an Early Childhood Special Educator to work with children of American military families stationed at Okinawa, Japan.  Position works in a home-based early intervention program, providing services to infants and toddlers of American military families stationed overseas. To learn more - Click here

* Full-Time/Tenure Track - EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION - To teach courses in early childhood special education, core curriculum, and/or required for the CA Child Development Permit; teach face-to-face as well as online classes; maintain currency in the field of early intervention; knowledge of the Child Development Permit process; participate in the SMC Early Childhood Education Lab School with a focus on the early intervention assistant program. To learn more - Click here

* Special Education Teacher - Jewish Child & Family Services (JCFS) provides vital, individualized, results-driven, therapeutic and supportive services for thousands of children, adults and families of all backgrounds each year. JCFS is currently seeking a Special Education Teacher to work with individuals and small groups of children (K - 12) with emotional and behavior disorders in a therapeutic special education classroom. The Therapeutic Day School is located in West Rogers Park, Chicago, IL. To Learn More - Click here

* Special Education Teacher - Various - $50,000/school year (185 days), summers off with year round pay and year round appreciation.  Special Education Teachers needed in Arizona (Phoenix and surrounding cities). Needs are in the self-contained and resource settings serving students with emotional disabilities (ED), Autism (A), Severe/Profound (S/P), and Intellectual Disabilities (ID).  STARS is the largest school contract agency in AZ. STARS is owned and operated by Occupational Therapists.  You will be an employee and receive full benefits. To learn more - Click here

If you are an Employer looking for excellent special education staff - Click here for more information
Food For Thought..........
Take chances, make mistakes. That's how you grow. Pain nourishes your courage. You have to fail in order to practice being brave.
Mary Tyler Moore

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