Variables Affecting the Amputees' Reactions Artificial Limbs in the Kingdom of Jordan

Mezyed Al-Adwan
Yahya Najjar
Maha Hdaib
Monadel Al-Khateeb

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Zarqa University College/ Al-Balqa’a Applied University

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Abstract

Amputee reaction to artificial limb is an important issue faces amputated individuals and the team who delivers services to these individuals. Although some individuals using artificial limb accept it, some others do not. There are several factors that may make it difficult to accept the artificial limb for a long time. The aim of this study is to investigate some variables associate with reaction to prosthesis, the relationship between these variables, and the quality of response to the artificial limb by some amputees who own an artificial limb. Data were collected through self- administered questionnaire developed by the researcher, validated by a group of expertise from the University of Jordan, and then handed to individuals with amputation who visited artificial limb centers in Jordan. There are different levels of relationships between the studied variables (gender, age, site of amputation, level of amputation, and type of prosthesis) and reaction to prosthesis. There is a correlation between age and reaction to the prosthesis (r= 0.44) (p<.001) and there is a strong positive relationship between the type of prosthesis and the reaction of the amputee to the prosthesis (r= 0.99) (p<.001). A negative relationship is found between, site of amputation, and level of amputation (r=-.39,-.01, and -.30, respectively. There are several factors that affect the reaction to prosthesis. Some variables affect the relationship positively such as tenderness and level of amputation, and some others affect the relation negatively such as age and the location of amputation. Based on the results of the current study, further investigation is needed regarding the relation between acceptance of amputation and other variables, such as social class.  It is also suggested to investigate the inferential correlation between variables and the experience with the amputation.  The results of the study should be employed in developing rehabilitation programs for individuals with amputation including synthesis for the artificial limbs, and counseling.

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