Week in Review - April 4, 2014

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WEEK IN REVIEW

New NASET Publications and Articles of Interest in Special Education and Disabilities That Were Reported This Week

April 4, 2014 - Vol 10, Issue 14


 

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TRIVIA QUESTION OF THE WEEK

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Dear NASET News,

Welcome to NASET's WEEK in REVIEW Here, we provide you with the latest publications from NASET to read and or download, as well as some of the most interesting articles that have happened this week in the field of special education. We hope you enjoy this publication.  Feel free to send us articles for this publication or let us know your thoughts about the WEEK in REVIEW at news@naset.org.Have a great weekend.

Sincerely,


NASET News Team

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New This Week on NASET

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In this Issue You will Find Topics On:

* Community Living for Individuals with Disabilities
* Job Seeking Information
* Participation Requests
* Relationships
* Student Interaction

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NASET Special Educator e-Journal

April 2014

 

Table of Contents:

  • Update from the U.S.Department of Education
  • Calls to Participate and New Projects
  • Special Education Resources
  • Latest Employment Opportunities Posted on NASET
  • Upcoming Conferences and Events
  • Funding Forecast and Award Opportunities
  • Acknowledgements
To read or download this issue - Click here (login required)

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See NASET's Latest Job Listings

CDC: 1 in 68 U.S. Children Has Autism

One in 68 U.S. children has an autism spectrum disorder (ASD), a 30% increase from 1 in 88 two years ago, according to a new report released Thursday by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. This newest estimate is based on the CDC's evaluation of health and educational records of all 8-year-old children in 11 states: Alabama, Wisconsin, Colorado, Missouri, Georgia, Arkansas, Arizona, Maryland, North Carolina, Utah and New Jersey. The incidence of autism ranged from a low of 1 in 175 children in Alabama to a high of 1 in 45 in New Jersey, according to the CDC. Children with autism continue to be overwhelmingly male. According to the new report, the CDC estimates 1 in 42 boys has autism, 4.5 times as many as girls (1 in 189). To read more, click here


Intensive Early Childhood Education May Boost Adult Health

Early, intensive education aimed at preparing at-risk children for school may also translate into better health in middle age, a new study suggests. The research, which is published in the March 28 issue of the journal Science, is the latest finding from the long-running Carolina Abecedarian Project, one of the first tests of early childhood education. Beginning in the 1970s, researchers enrolled 111 children from low-income, black families in North Carolina. Before they were even 6 months old, about half the children began attending a special day-care program that was designed to incorporate educational ideas that, at the time, were pretty revolutionary. The aim of the program was to better prepare kids for the demands of school by catching their attention, even as infants, with a series of games designed to stimulate their brains. To read more, click here


Behavior Problems May Be Best Addressed At Pediatrician

Kids are much more likely to participate in behavioral and mental health treatment when they can access it directly at their pediatrician's office, a new study finds. Compared to children who were referred to an outside provider, kids whose behavior problems were addressed by a clinician based in their doctor's office saw greater improvement, researchers report in the April issue of the journal Pediatrics. What's more, parents of children treated at their pediatrician's office had lower stress levels and doctors seemed to like the in-house approach too. For the study, researchers followed 321 children struggling with behavior problems for six months. Half of the kids were provided "doctor office collaborative care," meaning that a trained clinician met with the child or their family within their pediatrician's office to identify and address goals to improve behavior. To read more, click here


Annual Special Education Law Symposium at Lehigh University

Lehigh University offers its annual Special Education Law Symposium from June 22 to 27, 2014 on its Bethlehem, PA campus. Featuring experienced attorney presenters from various states and balancing school and parent perspectives, the week-long symposium offers a choice of two tracks: 1) one that addresses the needs of experienced professionals who desire an in depth update by exploring current "hot topics," and 2) an alternate one that addresses the foundational needs of individuals new to special education laws, regulations, and case law. The featured keynote speakers will be Michael Yudin and Dr. Melody Musgrove, respectively the leaders of OSERS and OSEP in the U.S. Department of Education. The symposium separately includes an inaugural ALJ/IHO Institute exclusively for administrative law judges and impartial hearing officers. The symposium concludes with a National Case Law Update by Dr. Perry Zirkel.  Registration options are available on a daily basis or for the week, as are graduate and continuing education credit. For program topics, fees, and other information, visit the website: coe.lehigh.edu/law or email or call Shannon Weber or Donna Johnson atspecialedlaw@lehigh.edu or (610) 758-5557(610) 758-5557 .


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Traffic Smog Tied to Hospital Stays for White Kids With Asthma

High levels of traffic-related air pollution greatly increase white children's risk of being readmitted to the hospital due to asthma, a new study finds. Researchers looked at 758 children, aged 1 to 16, who were admitted to Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center for asthma or wheezing. About one-third of the kids were white and nearly two-thirds were black. Within a year after being released from the hospital, 19 percent of the children were readmitted for asthma, the investigators found. White children exposed to high levels of air pollution caused by traffic were three times more likely to be readmitted than those with low levels of exposure, the study authors noted. However, traffic air pollution levels did not affect the risk of readmission among black children, according to the study published in the current issue of the Journal of Pediatrics. To read more, click here


Mom Aims To Make Advertising More Inclusive

Katie Driscoll never wanted anyone's pity. And so, when her daughter, Grace, was born with Down syndrome Driscoll picked up a camera. She wanted to show the world what she saw when she looked at her daughter. Day by day, taking photos of Grace turned into taking photos of other children with disabilities. There were kids with cerebral palsy. And kids with dwarfism. As Driscoll looked through the lens of her camera, she couldn't help but think that these children were just as beautiful as other kids. Why, she wondered, is it so rare to see them appear in advertisements for toys or clothing? To read more, click here


More Signs Autism May Originate During Pregnancy

Children with autism show key "patches of disorganization" in the outer layers of the brain, according to a new study said to offer more evidence that the developmental disorder begins in the womb. Experts have long believed autism involves disruptions in typical brain development, going back to pregnancy. The new study, reported online March 27 in the New England Journal of Medicine, offers more direct evidence of such early origins. For the study, researchers examined samples of brain tissue from 22 children after death -- 11 with autism and 11 without. They were able to spot tiny patches of disrupted development dotting the outer layers of the brain in the children with autism. To read more, click here


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TRIVIA QUESTION OF THE WEEK

Guess the answer to this week's trivia question and we'll recognize you in next week's Week in Review.

Congratulations to: Pamela R. Downing-Hosten, Ope-Oluwa Olubela, Olumide Akerele and Mike Namian
who all knew the answer to last week's trivia question:
On October 1, 2013, the district eligibility committee met to discuss Karen's eligibility for special education services.  It was determined at the meeting that she is eligible to receive special education and related services and would be classified under Other Health Impairments.  The parents agreed and signed off at the meeting, consenting to Karen's classification.  An IEP team was then set up for Karen.  Under IDEIA, by what date did the IEP team need to have the IEP completed?

ANSWER:  Once parents give written consent for their child to receive special education services, IDEIA requires that IEPs be completed within 30 calendar days of the consent.  Therefore, the correct answer is October 31, 2013.
THIS WEEK'S TRIVIA QUESTION:
According to the latest research in the field, what percentage of children hospitalized in America are there because of a mental health problem?
If you know the answer, send an email to contactus@naset.org
All answers must be submitted no later than Monday, April 7, 2014 at 12:00 p.m.

Childhood Abuse May Impair Weight-Regulating Hormones

Childhood abuse or neglect can lead to long-term hormone impairment that raises the risk of developing obesity, diabetes or other metabolic disorders in adulthood, according to a new study. The study examined levels of the weight-regulating hormones leptin, adiponectin and irisin in the blood of adults who endured physical, emotional or sexual abuse or neglect as children. The study found dysregulation of certain hormones in people who had been abused or neglected as children. To read more, click here


New Clues to Link Between MS Drug Tysabri and Rare Brain Disease

Researchers report that they think they have figured out why patients who take the multiple sclerosis drug Tysabri face a high risk of developing a rare, and sometimes fatal, brain infection. A common virus that can cause the brain disease progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) likes to infect and hide in certain blood cells that are triggered to mobilize by Tysabri, the study authors explained. Even more troubling, the researchers discovered that current tests may be missing some who harbor the virus. "Right now, the risk of PML in patients treated with [Tysabri] for more than two years is about one in 75 patients. That's a very high risk," said study author Eugene Major, a senior investigator at the U.S. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) in Bethesda, Md. To read more, click here


Preterm Children at Increased Risk of Having Math Problems

Researchers have found that preterm children are at an increased risk of having general cognitive and mathematic problems. The new study by the University of Warwick and Ruhr-University Bochum, published in the Journal of Pediatrics, sought to understand the relationship between preterm birth and dyscalculia. Dyscalculia, a learning disorder which involves frequent problems with everyday arithmetic tasks, is diagnosed when children do worse in maths than would be expected based on their general intelligence. Study co-author Professor Dieter Wolke from the University of Warwick explained, "Mathematic impairment is not the same as dyscalculia. A child with both low IQ and low mathematic abilities can have general mathematic impairment without suffering from dyscalculia." To read more, click here


Spanking Triggers Vicious Cycle, Study Finds

Parents who spank unruly children may not know it, but they are participating in a vicious cycle that will lead to both more spankings and more misbehavior in coming years, a new study suggests. Researchers wanted to resolve the age-old "chicken-and-egg" question that surrounds the issue of physical discipline in childhood -- do spankings promote aggression in children, or do naturally aggressive children simply receive more spankings as parents try to control their behavior? The answer is yes to both, said study author Michael MacKenzie, an associate professor at the Columbia University School of Social Work in New York City. To read more,click here


Girls Better Protected From Autism, Study Suggests

It takes more mutations to trigger autism in women than in men, which may explain why men are four times more likely to have the disorder, according to a study. The findings bolster those from previous studies, but don't explain what confers protection against autism in women. The fact that autism is difficult to diagnose in girls may mean that studies enroll only those girls who are severely affected and who may therefore have the most mutations, researchers note. To read more, click here


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Toddlers Who Sleep Less May Eat More

Toddlers who get too little sleep tend to eat more and are at increased risk for obesity, a new study indicates. The study included children in over 1,300 British families who had their sleep measured when they were 16 months old and their diet checked when they were 21 months old. Those who slept less than 10 hours a day consumed about 10 percent more calories than those who slept more than 13 hours, according to the study in the International Journal of Obesity. This is the first study to link amount of sleep to calorie consumption in children younger than 3 years, the University College London (UCL) researchers said. They suggested that shorter sleep may disrupt the regulation of appetite hormones. To read more, click here


Fewer Children at Risk for Deficient Vitamin D

Under new guidelines from the Institute of Medicine, the estimated number of children who are at risk of having insufficient or deficient levels of vitamin D is drastically reduced from previous estimates, according to a Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine study. The study, led by Holly Kramer, MD, MPH, and Ramon Durazo-Arvizu, PhD, is published online ahead of print in the Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism. New Institute of Medicine guidelines say most people get sufficient vitamin D when their blood levels are at or above 20 nanograms per milliliter (ng/mL). The Pediatric Endocrine Society has a similar guideline. However, other guidelines recommend vitamin D levels above 30 ng/mL. To read more, click here


Scientists Use Stem Cells to Study Bipolar Disorder

Brain cells of patients with bipolar disorder act differently than those of people without the mental illness, according to scientists who conducted a stem cell study of the condition. The investigators said their research might one day lead to a better understanding of bipolar disorder and new treatments for the disease, which causes extreme emotional highs and lows. About 200 million people worldwide have bipolar disorder. "We're very excited about these findings. But we're only just beginning to understand what we can do with these cells to help answer the many unanswered questions in bipolar disorder's origins and treatment," said study co-leader Dr. Melvin McInnis, a professor of bipolar disorder and depression at the University of Michigan Medical School. To read more, click here


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Scientists Visualize New Treatments for Retinal Blindness

new report published online in The FASEB Journal may lead the way toward new treatments or a cure for a common cause of blindness (proliferative retinopathies). Specifically, scientists have discovered that the body's innate immune system does more than help ward off external pathogens. It also helps remove sight-robbing abnormal blood vessels, while leaving healthy cells and tissue intact. This discovery is significant as the retina is part of the central nervous system and its cells cannot be replaced once lost. Identifying ways to leverage the innate immune system to "clean out" abnormal blood vessels in the retina may lead to treatments that could prevent or delay blindness, or restore sight. To read more, click here


Violent Video Games Tied to Combative Thinking in Study

Frequent exposure to violent video games increases the likelihood that children and teens will engage in aggressive behavior themselves, new research indicates. The study of more than 3,000 children found that habitually playing games such as "Call of Duty" and "God of War" might alter their view of their real-world environment and peers, the researchers said. "[Violent gaming] basically changes a child's or adolescent's personality in some sense, so that they start to see their world in a more aggressive way," said study co-author Craig Anderson, director of the Center for the Study of Violence at Iowa State University. To read more, click here


Teach For America To Bolster Special Education Training

A program that places recent college graduates in teaching positions across the country after just weeks of training says it will beef up its focus on special education. Teach for America said it will "strengthen" training that its participants receive on "ability-based mindsets and inclusive practices." The group also said it plans to expand alliances with local organizations in the communities where its teachers work in order to better serve students in special education. Currently, more than 10 percent of Teach for America's 11,100 teachers are working with students in special education in the nation's schools, often through inclusion environments, the organization said. To read more, click here


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Blindness Rates Dropping Worldwide, Study Finds

Global rates of blindness and poor vision have fallen sharply over the past two decades, especially in rich nations, a new study reveals. And providing eyeglasses for common vision-loss problems could improve the situation even more, according to the researchers. The investigators analyzed 243 studies conducted in 190 countries and found that rates of blindness and poor vision fell by 37 percent and 27 percent, respectively, from 1990 to 2010. In wealthy nations, the prevalence rate of blindness dropped by half, from 3.3 million people (0.2 percent of the population) to 2.7 million people (0.1 percent of the population), the findings showed. To read more, click here


Poll Finds Many Still Believe Vaccines Cause Autism

Is there really a link between vaccines and autism, cellphones and cancer, HIV and the CIA? Almost half of Americans believe the answer is yes for at least one of the many medical conspiracy theories that have circulated in recent years. And the attitudes and behavior of those conspiracists toward standard medical advice reflect that mistrust, says a new study. A pair of University of Chicago social scientists set out to determine the extent of "medical conspiracism" among the U.S. public and conducted a nationally representative online survey of 1,351 adults. They gauged knowledge of and beliefs about six widely discussed medical conspiracy theories and explored how belief in those theories influenced individuals' behavior when it came to matters of health. To read more, click here


jobsNASET's Latest Job Listings

* Special Education Teacher - As one of the first charter schools in Illinois, Perspectives Charter Schools has a long record of preparing students for success in college and beyond. Our five schools across the South Side of Chicago offer students an education that combines character development and academic rigor through the A Disciplined Life education modelâ€"with impressive results. To learn more - Click here

 

* EC Teachers - RTHS is seeking one or more EC Teachers beginning in the 2014-2015 school year. Responsibilities will include case managing a set cadre of students which includes providing specially designed instruction, scheduling and facilitating their meetings and being responsible for all required paperwork, under the periodic supervision of a compliance director. - To learn more- Click here

 

* Disability Program Coordinator - Full Time position for contractor to federal job training program. Requires strong analytical and computer skills.  Responsibilities include monitor/review services provided to students w/ disabilities, develop/conduct remote and in person training, provide technical assistance, outreach to community, data analysis, and materials development. To learn more- Click here

 

* Program Manager, Alternate Assessments - The Assessment Program at the American Institutes for Research (AIR) is a well regarded organization that is growing rapidly. Our environment is fast-paced and requires people at all levels who are willing to roll up their sleeves to get the work done on time while maintaining high quality. We are currently seeking a Program Manager to join our Alternate Assessments team in Washington, DC. To learn more - Click here

 

* Disability Specialist - The Disability Specialist reports directly to the Director of the Disability Support Service/Assistant Director of the Counseling Center and will be responsible for providing eligibility assessment, accommodation plans, and academic support for students with disabilities.  To learn more-Click here

 

* Director, Thames Academy - Mitchell College seeks a full-time Director to lead and manage Thames Academy, which is our residential program for high school graduates with academic challenges, documented learning disabilities, or other learning differences (i.e. ADD/ADHD) who are preparing for the transition to college or career.  To learn more - Click here


Food For Thought..........

Develop a passion for learning. If you do, you will never cease to grow.

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