Week in Review - January 17, 2014
WEEK IN REVIEW
New NASET Publications and Articles of Interest in Special Education and Disabilities That Were Reported This Week
January 17, 2014 - Vol 10, Issue 3
New This Week on NASET
Parent Teacher Conference Handout
Be Aware of Symptoms Indicating Low Levels of Confidence
Adapted from the book, Creating Confident Children in the Classroom: The Use of Positive Restructuring.
Pierangelo/Giuliani: Research Press
An important perspective for parents and teachers is learning which students show signs of low levels of confidence. This knowledge will help you determine whether or not the use of certain intervention strategies is required. Becoming aware of the symptoms that indicate low levels of confidence will reduce frustration for both you and the students in your class and allow for more realistic intervention and expectations.
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NASET's Lesser Known Disorders in Special Education
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See NASET's Latest Job Listings
Preemies' 'Excessive' Crying Tied to Risk of Behavior Problems Later
Premature babies who cry a lot may be more likely than other preemies to have behavior problems by the time they reach preschool, a new study suggests. Experts said the reasons for the finding are not certain, and no one knows whether "interventions" to soothe preemies' crying would ward off behavior issues later. "In many ways, this study raises more questions than it answers," said Dr. Andrew Adesman, chief of developmental and behavioral pediatrics at Steven & Alexandra Cohen Children's Medical Center in New Hyde Park, N.Y. To read more, click here
New Medicaid Waiver Rules Set To Take Effect
In a long-awaited move, federal officials are clarifying what counts as home and community-based services for people with disabilities. Under a final rule expected to be published in the Federal Register next week, housing for those with disabilities will not only be judged by its location or physical characteristics but will also have to meet specific "outcome-oriented" criteria in order to qualify under Medicaid home and community-based services waivers. To read more, click here
Less Variety in Babies' Gut Bacteria May Lead to Asthma Risk
Infants with fewer types of intestinal bacteria are at increased risk for developing asthma, a small new study suggests. Researchers assessed the varieties of gut bacteria in 47 infants and then followed them until they were 7 years old. At that age, 17 percent had chronic asthma, 28 percent had hay fever, 26 percent had the skin condition eczema, and 34 percent reacted to the allergens in a skin prick test. However, only the cases of asthma could be connected to low diversity of intestinal bacteria when the children were 1 week and 1 month old, according to the study recently published in the journal Clinical & Experimental Allergy. To read more, click here
NASET MEMBER'S BENEFIT -
Board Certification in Special Education Available to NASET Members
Through an agreement with The American Academy of Special Education Professionals(AASEP), NASET members now have the opportunity to achieve AASEP Board Certification in Special Education - (B.C.S.E.) at a reduced fee. AASEP Board Certification in Special Education - (B.C.S.E.) is a voluntary choice on the part of the candidate. The candidate for Board Certification wishes to demonstrate a commitment to excellence to employers, peers, administrators, other professionals, and parents. From the standpoint of the Academy, board certification will demonstrate the highest professional competency in the area of special education. Board Certification in Special Educationestablishes a much needed standard for professionals, across disciplines, who work with exceptional children.
For more information on Board Certification in Special Education, click here
Job Market Rocky For Those With Disabilities
The unemployment rate for Americans with disabilities declined as 2013 came to a close, the government said Friday, but largely because many people stopped looking for work. The jobless rate dipped to 11.9 percent in December for those with disabilities, according to data from the U.S. Department of Labor. That's down from 12.3 percent the month prior. The decrease came as fewer people with disabilities were employed and many gave up on the workforce altogether. To read more, click here
Ear Tubes May Not Have Long-Term Benefits for Kids With Ear Infections
Ear tubes can improve hearing over the short term in children with a certain type of ear infection. But they don't help children's hearing, speech or language over the long term, according to a new review. Dr. Michael Steiner and colleagues at the University of North Carolina reviewed the findings of 41 studies that assessed the effects of implanting ear tubes in children with what doctors call recurrent or chronic otitis media with effusion. In this condition, there is fluid in the middle ear, but no signs or symptoms of acute ear infection. To read more,click here
Feds Call On Schools To Address Discipline Disparities
The Obama administration is issuing new guidance to schools in an effort to reduce the number of minorities and kids with disabilities who needlessly wind up in the hands of law enforcement. Students with disabilities and those from minority groups are disproportionately suspended or expelled, often for petty violations of school rules, federal officials say. The new guidance developed by the U.S. Department of Education and the Department of Justice is designed to ensure that discipline policies are fair, effective and do not violate students' civil rights. To read more, click here
TRIVIA QUESTION OF THE WEEK
Guess the answer to this week's trivia question and we'll recognize you in next week's Week in Review.
Congratulations to: Olumide Akerele, Ope-Oluwa Olubela, Jay Furlong, Mike Namian, Alexandra Pirard, Pamela Downing-Hosten, Nicole Schaffer, and Susan Pilling who all knew the answer to last week's trivia question--Special Busing for a student with a disability would be found in what section of a student's IEP?
ANSWER: Related Services section (or in a subesction of Supplemntary Aids/Services or a Special Section specifically for busing)
THIS WEEK'S TRIVIA QUESTION:
Fill in the Blank: ______ resists a one-size-fits-all approach to education and posits instead that teachers, educators, and instructional materials should effectively respond to individual differences inherent within a learning environment. Using these principles in a classroom removes obstacles to curriculum access and provides students with alternative methods to demonstrate what they know. It acknowledges that there is more than one way to learn and respects individual learning style differences.
If you know the answer, send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org
All answers must be submitted no later than Monday, January 20, 2014 at 12:00 p.m.
Certain Childhood Fractures May Signal Low Bone Density: Study
Certain types of fractures may indicate lower bone strength in children, a new study suggests. For the study, published online Jan. 7 in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, researchers compared bone strength in 115 boys and girls, aged 8 to 15, who suffered forearm fractures and 108 children without fractures. Using sophisticated CT scans to assess bone quality, the investigators found that children with a forearm fracture due to mild trauma (such as a fall from standing height) had weaker bones than other children. The researchers added that this decreased bone strength may put these children at increased risk for fractures from weakened bone later in life. To read more, click here
Restraint, Seclusion More Common At Affluent Schools
Students with disabilities are much more likely than other kids to be restrained or secluded at school, but how often the techniques are used varies significantly, a new report finds. Wealthier, less diverse schools employ the tactics more than twice as often as high-poverty, high-diversity school districts, according to an analysis of federal data conducted by researchers at the University of New Hampshire. To read more, click here
Fitness in Teen Years May Guard Against Heart Trouble Later
People who are aerobically fit as teenagers are less likely to have a heart attack in middle age, a study of nearly 750,000 Swedish men suggests. Every 15 percent increase in aerobic fitness in your teen years is associated with an 18 percent reduced risk of heart attack three decades later, researchers report in the Jan. 8 online edition of the European Heart Journal. The results also suggest that teens and young adults who undergo regular cardiovascular training have a 35 percent reduced risk of heart attack later in life. To read more, click here
Study Weighs Safety of Epilepsy Drugs in Pregnancy
There's long been concern that certain drugs taken to control seizures might be unsafe for use by pregnant women, due to potential effects on the fetus. Now, new British research suggests that the drug levetiracetam does not pose a major risk to the neurological development of the fetus, although there's more evidence that another drug -- valproate -- may cause some problems. "These results are heartening, as the use of levetiracetam has increased in recent years, but there has been limited information on its effect on the thinking, movement and language abilities of children," study author Rebekah Shallcross of the University of Liverpool said in a news release from the American Academy of Neurology. To read more, click here
Surgical 'Glue' May Help Repair Sick Children's Hearts
Researchers have developed a new type of surgical "glue" that they say could help treat children born with heart defects, such as a hole in the heart. The adhesive can quickly stick biodegradable patches inside a beating heart. Unlike current surgical adhesives, this new glue keeps up its powerful sticking power in the presence of blood and at increased heart rates and blood pressure, according to the findings of a study in pig hearts. To read more, click here
Tight Blood Sugar Control Might Not Help All Critically Ill Kids
Children who are critically ill after having heart surgery do not benefit from having their blood sugar levels aggressively controlled, but some kids with other life-threatening conditions might, a new study suggests. Experts said the findings, reported in the Jan. 9 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine, suggest that critically ill children should not routinely have their blood sugar tightly controlled. But doctors might consider it for kids who have landed in the intensive-care unit for reasons other than heart surgery, said study author Dr. Duncan Macrae. Macrae's team found that those children had a shorter hospital stay when they received insulin infusions to keep their blood sugar within normal range. To read more, click here
Kids' Suicide Risk Similar for All Newer Antidepressants: Study
When it comes to treating depression in children, newer antidepressants all seem to carry about the same risk for suicidal thoughts and behaviors, a new study shows. Previous studies, including a review from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, have concluded that children and teens who take antidepressants might be at higher risk for suicidal thoughts and behaviors, especially in the first few weeks of treatment. In 2004, the FDA added its highest-level warning to the labels of antidepressant drugs regarding the increased risk for suicide in children. To read more, click here
High Praise Might Backfire on Kids With Low Self-Esteem
Although children who feel good about themselves might thrive on praise from their parents or other adults, exaggerated compliments could have the opposite effect on kids with low self-esteem, researchers have found. Adults might sometimes try to boost children's confidence with high praise. But this type of inflated encouragement might put too much pressure on kids with low self-esteem, causing them to shy away from challenges, a new study suggests. "Inflated praise can backfire with those kids who seem to need it the most -- kids with low self-esteem," study lead author Eddie Brummelman, a visiting scholar at Ohio State University, said in a news release from the Association for Psychological Science. To read more, click here
Childhood Cancer Survivors a Growing Patient Population
Improved treatment of childhood cancer has led to an unprecedented health care problem, with primary care physicians unprepared to care for the special medical needs of adult cancer survivors, researchers report. A survey of internists -- primary care doctors for adults -- found that most physicians were not comfortable caring for adult survivors of childhood cancer. Most also were unfamiliar with the special needs these patients have because of their cancer treatment, according to findings published Jan. 6 in the Annals of Internal Medicine. To read more, click here
Meditation for Anxiety, Depression?
Some 30 minutes of meditation daily may improve symptoms of anxiety and depression, a new Johns Hopkins analysis of previously published research suggests. "A lot of people use meditation, but it's not a practice considered part of mainstream medical therapy for anything," says Madhav Goyal, M.D., M.P.H., an assistant professor in the Division of General Internal Medicine at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and leader of a study published online Jan. 6 in JAMA Internal Medicine. "But in our study, meditation appeared to provide as much relief from some anxiety and depression symptoms as what other studies have found from antidepressants." These patients did not typically have full-blown anxiety or depression. To read more, click here
Are Gifted Children Getting Lost in the Shuffle?
Gifted children are likely to be the next generation's innovators and leaders -- and yet, the exceptionally smart are often invisible in the classroom, lacking the curricula, teacher input and external motivation to reach full potential. This conclusion comes as the result of the largest scientific study of the profoundly gifted to date, a 30-year study conducted by researchers at Vanderbilt University's Peabody College of education and human development. David Lubinski, professor of psychology and human development at Peabody, led the study, which tracked 300 gifted children from age 13 until age 38, logging their accomplishments in academia, business, culture, health care, science and technology. The results were recently published in a paper titled "Who Rises to the Top? Early Indicators," in Psychological Science. To read more, click here
Honor Society for Special Education Teachers
FBI Probe Finds No Misuse of Title I Funds in Providence, R.I. District
A Providence news outlet is reporting that the 23,000-student Rhode Island district has been cleared in a probe of whether a vocational program for for individuals with intellectual disabilities misused Title I funds. The district entered into a landmark agreement with the U.S. Department of Justice last year after investigators found that Harold A. Birch Vocational School, a program of about 80 students that enrolled most of the district's students with intellectual disabilities, funneled most of the youth into a sheltered workshop program. The students were given limited opportunities to gain the academic and work skills that would allow them to seek competitive employment, the Justice investigation found. To read more, click here
* Special Education Senior Leader - Well established education management company seeks senior leader with a strong background and experience in special education programming, law, and fiscal oversight. To learn more- Click here
* STEM Teacher - We are looking for highly motivated and skilled talent to join our team at the District of Columbia Public Schools (DCPS). We seek individuals who are passionate about transforming and improving educational outcomes for our students. To learn more - Click here
* Bentsen Learning Center Director - Mitchell College is currently seeking a Director for our Bentsen Learning Center, who will report to the Vice President of Academic Affairs, and, consistent with the College's Strategic Plan and Academic Vision, will provide strategic leadership and direction for the Center. To learn more - Click here
* $125,000 Salary for Master Middle School Teachers! - Earn a $125,000 salary and join a team of master teachers at The Equity Project (TEP) Charter School, recently featured on the front page of the New York Times. To learn more - Click here
* Autism Intervention Program Supervisor - A position is available for a special educator or a speech-language pathologist , to provide oversight of a private multidisciplinary intervention program for an 18-year-old male with moderate autism in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The first month or two to be spent in Los Angeles . To learn more - Click here
Food For Thought..........