Week in Review - May 18, 2012

WEEK IN REVIEW

New NASET Publications and Articles of Interest in Special Education and Disabilities That Were Reported This Week

May 18, 2012 - Vol 8, Issue 18


 

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New This Week on NASET

TRIVIA QUESTION OF THE WEEK
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Dear NASET News,

Welcome to NASET's WEEK in REVIEW Here, we provide you with the latest publications from NASET to read and or download, as well as some of the most interesting articles that have happened this week in the field of special education. We hope you enjoy this publication.  Feel free to send us articles for this publication or let us know your thoughts about the WEEK in REVIEW at news@naset.org.Have a great weekend.

Sincerely,


NASET News Team

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New This Week on NASET

Lesser Known Disorders Series #29

Known Disorders in Special Education

 

Each issue of this series contains at least three lesser known disorders. Some of these disorders may contain subtypes which will also be presented. You will also notice that each disorder has a code. These codes represent the coding system for all disabilities and disorders listed in the

 

Wiley Publications.

 


Disorders in this issue:

  • VI 1.06 Pterygium
  • HI 2.03-Otosclerosis
  • VI 1.07 Stevens-Johnson Syndrome

To read or download this issue - Click here (login required)
______________________________________________________

Autism Spectrum Disorder for May

Current Issues in Teaching Bilingual Children with Autism Spectrum


This issue of NASET's Autism Spectrum Disorder series is written by Amelia M. Medina and Judy T. Salamon.  It presents a narrative review of the literature at the intersection of bilingualism and practices for teaching children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). The authors highlight the gap in the empirical literature about instructional practices for young bilinguals with ASD. Special attention is given to the monolingual ASD and multicultural special education literatures for shared evidence on designing interventions for bilingual children with ASD.  Implications are discussed for special educators who may not speak one or more of the world languages of the child.


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FDA Issues Warning on Controversial MS Treatment

Doctors and patients need to be aware of the potential risk of injuries and death associated with an experimental treatment for multiple sclerosis called liberation therapy, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration said in an alert issued Thursday. Liberation therapy is used to treat chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) -- a narrowing of veins in the neck and chest -- believed by some to cause multiple sclerosis (MS) or worsen the disease. They think it does so by impairing blood drainage from the brain and upper spinal cord. The controversial procedure uses balloon angioplasty devices or stents to widen narrowed veins in the chest and neck. But the FDA has not approved this treatment for chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency, and the agency said it has learned of deaths, strokes, damage to the treated vein, blood clots, cranial nerve damage, abdominal bleeding, and migration of stents in the body as a result of the treatment. To read more, click here

Did You Know That....

IDEA makes clear that schools are not prohibited from reporting a crime committed by a child with a disability to appropriate authorities. Similarly, the law does not prevent State law enforcement and judicial authorities from exercising their responsibilities.

No Child Left Behind Act Improved Test Scores for Language but Not for Reading, Math in Rural Alabama, US

The No Child Left Behind Act has bolstered language test scores but done little to improve math and reading scores for students in rural Alabama schools, according to a new study by Auburn University and RTI International. The study, published in the June issue of Regional and Sectoral Economic Studies, used eight years of county-level data to assess the effects of No Child Left Behind on student performance in Alabama's rural schools. Reading and math proficiency for all students is one of the primary goals of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, which requires states to measure student progress by conducting annual assessments. Based on the results, schools are held accountable for making adequate yearly progress toward the act's goals and receive rewards or sanctions based on their status. To read more, click here

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NASET MEMBER'S BENEFIT -

Board Certification in Special Education Available to NASET Members

Through an agreement with The American Academy of Special Education Professionals(AASEP), NASET members now have the opportunity to achieve AASEP Board Certification in Special Education - (B.C.S.E.) at a reduced fee.  AASEP Board Certification in Special Education - (B.C.S.E.) is a voluntary choice on the part of the candidate. The candidate for Board Certification wishes to demonstrate a commitment to excellence to employers, peers, administrators, other professionals, and parents. From the standpoint of the Academy, board certification will demonstrate the highest professional competency in the area of special education. Board Certification in Special Educationestablishes a much needed standard for professionals, across disciplines, who work with exceptional children.

 

For more information on Board Certification in Special Education, click here

Wheelchair Breakdowns on the Rise, Study Finds

An increasing number of wheelchair breakdowns are causing people with spinal cord injuries to be left stranded, hurt or unable to keep their medical appointments, according to a new study. In the report, published online in the American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, University of Pittsburgh researchers suggested that changes in Medicare reimbursements may be contributing to this growing problem. The researchers found that more than half of wheelchair users had a breakdown within six months. A growing number of these breakdowns resulted in injuries and other health and safety concerns. To read more, click here

Helping Hands Reaches out to Patients with Cerebral Palsy

With the aid of multiple force sensors and a digital dinosaur, a team of Rice University seniors known as Helping Hands hopes to restore strength and flexibility to the hands and wrists of children with cerebral palsy. "These kids have a real problem with their hands," said Jenna Desmarais, a senior at Rice majoring in mechanical engineering. "The fingers and wrists are locked into a sort of claw-like position. Even after surgery to correct it, they need physical therapy to get stronger." The team's rehabilitation device, the Dino-Might, was inspired by their mentor, Gloria Gogola, a pediatric hand and upper-extremity surgeon at Shriners Hospitals for Children in Houston. She corrects the condition, known as spastic wrist flexion deformity, and restores wrist extension by surgically removing a tendon from the underside of the wrist and attaching it to the upper portion. To read more, click here

Did You Know That....

Under FERPA, personally identifiable information (such as the child's status as a special education child) can only be released with parental consent, except in certain very limited circumstances. Therefore, the transmission of a child's special education and disciplinary records... without parental consent is permissible only to the extent that such transmission is permitted under FERPA.

Lehigh University Special Education Law Symposium, June 24-29, 2012

Lehigh University's intensive week-long special education law symposium provides a practical analysis of legislation, regulations, and case law relating to the education of students with disabilities. The symposium provides a thorough analysis of the leading issues under the IDEA and Section 504. Special features include: parallel tracks for basic and advanced practitioners, starting with a keynote dinner and presentation by Dr. Alexa Posny, Assistant Secretary, Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services, U.S. Department of Education, and ending with a post-luncheon crystal-ball session  by Chicago attorney Darcy Kriha; a balance of knowledgeable district, parent, and neutral perspectives; essential topics with proven effective presenters for the basic track; and a brand new set of "hot topics" and faculty presenters for the advanced track. For more information visit http://www.lehigh.edu/education/law. Questions? Contact Tamara Bartolet (tlp205@lehigh.edu or 610/758-3226).

Home Birth Poses Danger for Higher-Risk Pregnancies: Study

A five-year study of home births in Oregon found an elevated rate of deaths among babies that had to be transferred to the hospital because something went wrong during the delivery. However, experts said this doesn't necessarily mean that home births are dangerous. Many of the babies and mothers had conditions that put them at higher risk of complications, such as preeclampsia (high blood pressure during birth) or breech position (when the baby is feet first instead of head first). The researchers looked at medical records on 223 home births in Oregon from 2004 to 2008, in which the babies were transferred to a hospital because of problems during or right after delivery. Eight babies died, according to the study to be presented Tuesday at the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) annual meeting in San Diego. To read more, click here

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TRIVIA QUESTION OF THE WEEK

Guess the answer to this week's trivia question and we'll recognize you in next week's Week in Review.
Congratulations to:

Lois Nembhard, Roylene Furlow,  Beverly Taylor, Barbara Kempf, Olumide Akerele, Twuana Burnett, Deanna Krieg, Lisa Rotella, Robin E. Kittai,Sam Affoumado, Marlene Barnett, Joanie Dikeman, Kay Hennes, Elena Ghionis, Heather Shyrer, Jessica L. Ulmer, Craig Pate, Marilyn Haile, Elaine Draper, Prahbhjot Malhi, and Catherine Cardenas who all knew the answer to last week's trivia question was: Rosa's Law

 

THIS WEEK'S TRIVIA QUESTION:
Each year, about 400 children are born with this rare and inherited disorder in which one's blood does not clot properly. It's estimated that approximately 18,000 people in the U.S. have it.  What is the name of this disorder?

If you know the answer, send an email to contactus@naset.org
All answers must be submitted no later than Monday, May 21, 2012 at 12:00 p.m.

Citywide Smoking Ban Reduced Maternal Smoking and Preterm Birth Risk

A citywide ban on public smoking in Colorado led to significant decreases in maternal smoking and preterm births, providing the first evidence in the U.S. that such interventions can impact maternal and fetal health, according to an article in Journal of Women's Health, a peer-reviewed publication from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers. Prenatal exposure to tobacco smoke-whether the mother is a smoker or exposure is from environmental sources- is associated with premature births and low birth weight. The results of a "natural experiment" that compared outcomes in two cities, one with a smoking ban and one without a ban, showed reductions in both maternal smoking and premature births in the city with a smoking ban. To read more, click here

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Judge: Parents Should Have Say On Closing Institutions

The complexion of a $2 billion, 10-year settlement between the state of Virginia and the U.S. Department of Justice involving the closing of state training centers for people with disabilities could be significantly altered by a decision to allow families opposing the settlement to intervene. U.S. District Judge John A. Gibney Jr. entered an order Wednesday that will allow into the case families who oppose removal of their loved ones from state training centers to community care facilities. The families argued in legal briefs this year that the state is not equipped to handle community-based care of their family members and that to force them from state training centers where some clients have lived for decades amounts to a violation of their civil rights. To read more, click here

Response to First Drug Treatment May Signal Likelihood of Future Seizures in People With Epilepsy

How well people with newly diagnosed epilepsy respond to their first drug treatment may signal the likelihood that they will continue to have more seizures, according to a study published in the May 9, 2012, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. "Our research shows a pattern based on how a person responds to initial treatment and specifically, to their first two courses of drug treatment," said study author Patrick Kwan, MD, PhD, with the University of Melbourne in Australia. For the study, 1,098 people from Scotland between the ages of nine and 93 with newly diagnosed epilepsy were followed for as long as 26 years after being given their first drug therapy. Participants were considered seizure-free if they had no seizures for at least a year without changes in their treatment. If they had further seizures, a second drug was chosen to be given alone or to be added to the first. If seizures continued, a third drug regimen was selected, and the process continued for up to nine drug regimens. To read more, click here

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Higher Risk of Birth Defects from Assisted Reproduction, Study Suggests

A University of Adelaide study has identified the risk of major birth defects associated with different types of assisted reproductive technology. In the most comprehensive study of its kind in the world, researchers from the University's Robinson Institute have compared the risk of major birth defects for each of the reproductive therapies commonly available internationally, such as: IVF (in vitro fertilization), ICSI (intracytoplasmic sperm injection) and ovulation induction. They also compared the risk of birth defects after fresh and frozen embryo transfer. To read more, click here

'Blindness' May Rapidly Enhance Other Senses

Can blindness or other forms of visual deprivation really enhance our other senses such as hearing or touch? While this theory is widely regarded as being true, there are still many questions about the science behind it. New findings from a Canadian research team investigating this link suggest that not only is there a real connection between vision and other senses, but that connection is important to better understand the underlying mechanisms that can quickly trigger sensory changes. This may demystify the true potential of human adaptation and, ultimately, help develop innovative and effective methods for rehabilitation following sensory loss or injury. To read more, click here

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Is Adult ADHD Linked to Addiction?

The prevalence of children diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) greatly exceeds the prevalence of this diagnosis among the adult population. This could be, perhaps, because the disorder is more difficult to diagnose in adults. Research suggests that one to five percent of adults suffering from ADHD are unaware that they have it or that it affects their daily lives.  Adults with undiagnosed ADHD also exhibit a much more frequent incidence of addictive behavior than those who do not suffer from the disorder. Reasons vary, but substance abuse often is connected to a need to self-medicate untreated ADHD symptoms.  To read more, click here

Defective Carnitine Metabolism May Play Role in Autism

The deletion of part of a gene that plays a role in the synthesis of carnitine -- an amino acid derivative that helps the body use fat for energy -- may play a role in milder forms of autism, said a group of researchers led by those at Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children's Hospital. "This is a novel inborn error of metabolism," said Dr. Arthur Beaudet, chair of molecular and human genetics at BCM and a physician at Texas Children's Hospital, and the senior author of the report that appears online in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. "How it is associated with the causes of autism is as yet unclear. However, it could point to a means of treatment or even prevention in some patients." To read more, click here

How Cannabis Use During Adolescence Affects Brain Regions Associated With Schizophrenia

New research from the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland (RCSI) published in Nature's Neuropsychopharmacology has shown physical changes to exist in specific brain areas implicated in schizophrenia following the use of cannabis during adolescence. The research has shown how cannabis use during adolescence can interact with a gene, called the COMT gene, to cause physical changes in the brain. The COMT gene provides instructions for making enzymes which breakdown a specific chemical messenger called dopamine. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter that helps conduct signals from one nerve cell to another, particularly in the brains reward and pleasure centres. Adolescent cannabis use and its interaction with particular forms of the COMT gene have been shown to cause physical changes in the brain as well as increasing the risk of developing schizophrenia. To read more, click here

Did You Know That....

An agency reporting a crime committed by a child with a disability must ensure that copies of the special education and disciplinary records of the child are transmitted for consideration by the appropriate authorities to whom the agency reports the crime.

Risk of Future Emotional Problems Can Be Identified During Well-Child Visits

A new study suggests clinicians might be able to identify children at risk of later emotional or behavioral problems by paying attention to a few key signs during early well-child check-ups. Researchers found that boys with early sleep problems and girls with language and speech delays tended to have more emotional problems in adolescence. "Speaking little is an early sign of having problems, maybe because these early problems hamper social functioning, leading to emotional problems later on," explained author Sijmen Reijneveld, M.D., head of the Department of Health Sciences at University Medical Center Groningen in the Netherlands. He added that early sleep problems in boys might be due to fears or other emotional problems. To read more, click here

Panel Suggests DSM-5 Psychiatry Manual Drops Two Disorders, Keeps New Autism Definition

A panel of doctors reviewing the much-debated Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5 (DSM-5) have recommended to drop two controversial diagnoses.The panel announced that attenuated psychosis syndrome -- which identifies people at risk of developing psychosis -- and mixed anxiety depressive disorder -- a diagnosis which combines both anxiety and depression -- should not be included in the manual's upcoming version, the New York Times reported. Proposed changes to autism definition may mean new diagnoses for people with Asperger's. However, a controversial definition for autism, which will delete diagnoses for Asperger's syndrome and pervasive developmental disorder and combine severe cases into the broader definition of autism, will remain. To read more, click here

Food For Thought..........

Having an exciting destination is like setting a needle in your compass. From then on, the compass knows only one point-its ideal. And it will faithfully guide you there through the darkest nights and fiercest storms."

Daniel Boone

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