An Investigative Study on the Learning Difficulties in Mathematics Encountered by Primary 4 Children: In Search of a Cognitive Equation for Mathematics Learning

Noel Kok Hwee Chia, EdD, BCSE, BCET
National Institute of Education
Nanyang Technological University, Singapore


Chiew Peng Kho, BSc, DISE
Learning Disabilities Center, Singapore


This study investigated how the five components – vocabulary, computation, general information, problem story, and attitude toward mathematics (subtests of the standardized Test of Mathematical Abilities-Second Edition) – are involved in mathematics learning of 40 randomly selected Primary 4 Singaporean children, who have been failing in their mathematics class tests and school examinations since Primary 3. The authors have attempted to formulate a cognitive equation for mathematics learning in order to explain the underlying causes of failure in mathematics learning and also to inform mathematics teachers what they ought to know and how best they could go about helping these children.

Read or Download Instructions

  • To Read this Article - Left Click Here  (login required)

  • To Download this Article - Right Click Here (login required)
    (choose "save", "save target as" or "save as")

  • To Download the Entire Winter 2011 Issue of JAASEP - Right Click Here (login required)
    (choose "save", "save target as" or "save as")

NASET Members -  Login to Access These Files.

To top

Return to the Table of Contents - CLICK HERE

lost password?