Autism Spectrum Disorders Series

NASET’s Autism Spectrum Disorders Series

Effects of the Picture Exchange Communications System (PECS) on Maladaptive Behavior in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD): A Review of the Literature By, Dana Battaglia, Ph.D. & Mary E. McDonald, Ph.D.

Welcome to NASET’s Autism Spectrum Disorders Series: Effects of the Picture Exchange Communications System (PECS) on Maladaptive Behavior in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD): A Review of the Literature.  This is NASET 's e-publication on the latest information on autism spectrum disorders.

This issue of NASET’s Autism Spectrum Disorder series was written by Dana Battaglia, Ph.D. of Adelphi University and Maty McDonald, Ph.D. from Hofstra University.  The paper provides an overview of the literature investigating the functional relationship between the use of the Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) and maladaptive behavior (i.e., aggression, tantrums) in individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD).  Digital searches were conducted to identify single subject design studies published between 1994 and 2012. While nine studies were identified, only three explicitly addressed the collateral effects of PECS training on reduction of maladaptive behavior. Of the seven participants across these three studies, four demonstrated an inverse relationship between PECS exchange and reduction of maladaptive behavior. Results are promising in terms of functional communication. However, the authors suggest caution due to limited number of publications to date.



Introduction to Autism Spectrum Disorders


Types of Autism Spectrum Disorders


Eligibility Criteria for Autism Spectrum Disorders


Creating Education Programs for Students with ASD


IEP Development and Goals for Students with Autism Spectrum Disorders


Assistive Technology for Students with Autism Spectrum Disorders


Children with Aspergers Syndrome


Effective Programming for Younger Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (Ages 3-5)


Structured Teaching: Strategies for Supporting Students with ASD


Increasing Expressive Communication Skills for Verbal Children with Autism


Developing Expressive Communication Skills for Non-Verbal Children With Autism


Curriculum Accommodations for Students with Autism Spectrum Disorders


Strategies for Social Skills for Students with Autism Spectrum Disorders


Behavior and Discipline Issues for Students with Autism Spectrum Disorders


Facilitating Inclusion for Students with Autism Spectrum Disorders


Transition Planning for Students with Autism Spectrum Disorders


Collaborating with Parents of Students with Autism Spectrum Disorders


Articles on Autism Spectrum Disorders


Current Issues in Teaching Bilingual Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder


Teenagers with Autism: The Driving Dilemma


Apps That Teach Social Skills to Children


Using Ecological Assessment to Set Meaningful Goals for ABA Interventions


Three Separate Book Reviews Pertaining to the Field of Autism


Examples of Social Stories


The Good, Bad and Ugly: Advocating for Children with Autism in School


The Right to Language Support for Students on the Autism Spectrum


Trying to Figure Out the Function for Problem Behaviors? Ask the Child!


What About Asperger's?


Effects of the Picture Exchange Communications System (PECS) on Maladaptive Behavior in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD): A Review of the Literature


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